Mayer 2019 Lipids
|Mayer K, Sommer N, Hache K, Hecker A, Reiche S, Schneck E, Weissmann N, Seeger W, Hecker M (2019) Resolvin E1 improves mitochondrial function in human alveolar epithelial cells during severe inflammation. Lipids 54:53-65.|
Abstract: Severe inflammatory disorders such as sepsis are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Mitochondrial dysfunction is regarded as a key feature involved in inflammation pathogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the impact of the omega-3 fatty acid-derived lipid mediator Resolvin E1 (RvE1) on mitochondrial function in experimental pulmonary inflammation. RvE1 was found to exert anti-inflammatory properties in human alveolar epithelial cells during severe inflammation. RvE1 is capable of restoring inflammation-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and the impaired imbalance of mitochondrial fission and fusion. Experimental inhibition of mitochondrial fission with Mdivi-1 in our model is associated with a significantly reduced inflammatory response and improved mitochondrial function. These findings suggest a novel functional mechanism for the beneficial effects of RvE1 in experimental pulmonary inflammatory reactions.
© 2019 AOCS.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, mt-Structure;fission;fusion, mtDNA;mt-genetics, Pharmacology;toxicology Pathology: Other
Organism: Human Tissue;cell: Lung;gill, Endothelial;epithelial;mesothelial cell Preparation: Intact cells
Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE, ET Pathway: ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k