Alleva 2002 Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol
|Alleva KE, Espelt MV, Krumschnabel G, Schwarzbaum PJ (2002) Identification of two distinct E-NTPDases in liver of goldfish (Carassius auratus L.). Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 131: 725-731..|
Abstract: We have recently reported the existence of ATPase activity capable of hydrolyzing extracellular ATP and localized at the external cell membrane of goldfish hepatocytes [Am. J. Physiol. (1998) 274 R1031]. In the present study, we investigated whether one or more enzymes of the ATP diphosphohydrolase family (called E-NTPDases) are responsible for the hydrolysis of extracellular ATP and other nucleotides. Using soluble extracts from goldfish liver, enzyme activity was detected in the presence of ATP (32.1+/-4.0 nmol Pi liberated mg protein(-1) min(-1)), ADP (20.7+/-3.3 nmol Pi liberated mg protein(-1) min(-1)) and UTP (20.7+/-1.2 nmol Pi liberated mg protein(-1) min(-1)). In line with the presence of this hydrolytic activity, liver samples separated by non-denaturing gel electrophoresis and subsequently exposed to either ATP, ADP or UTP yielded a single band with enzyme activity and similar electrophoretic mobility. Subsequent SDS-PAGE electrophoresis of the active bands resulted in the appearance of two protein bands with molecular masses of 70 and 64 kDa. Immunoblotting of soluble extracts and microsomes obtained from goldfish liver, using a monoclonal antibody against CD39 (a well-known E-NTPDase), detected a single 97-kDa protein. The enzyme activity measured in solution and in native gels, together with structural information from denaturing gels plus immunoblots, points to the existence, in goldfish liver, of at least two different E-NTPDases.
• Keywords: Hepatocyte, EctoATPase, Extracellular metabolism, UTPase, Cyprinids, Apyrase, Nucleotidase, Extracellular ATP