Bastow 2016 J Cell Sci
|Bastow EL, Peswani AR, Tarrant DS, Pentland DR, Chen X, Morgan A, Staniforth GL, Tullet JM, Rowe ML, Howard MJ, Tuite MF, Gourlay CW (2016) New links between SOD1 and metabolic dysfunction from a yeast model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. J Cell Sci 129:4118-29.|
Abstract: A number of genes have been linked to familial forms of the fatal motor neuron disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Over 150 mutations within the gene encoding superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) have been implicated in ALS, but why such mutations lead to ALS-associated cellular dysfunction is unclear. In this study, we identify how ALS-linked SOD1 mutations lead to changes in the cellular health of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We find that it is not the accumulation of aggregates but the loss of Sod1 protein stability that drives cellular dysfunction. The toxic effect of Sod1 instability does not correlate with a loss of mitochondrial function or increased production of reactive oxygen species, but instead prevents acidification of the vacuole, perturbs metabolic regulation and promotes senescence. Central to the toxic gain-of-function seen with the SOD1 mutants examined was an inability to regulate amino acid biosynthesis. We also report that leucine supplementation results in an improvement in motor function in a Caenorhabditis elegans model of ALS. Our data suggest that metabolic dysfunction plays an important role in Sod1-mediated toxicity in both the yeast and worm models of ALS.
© 2016. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.
• Keywords: ALS, Metabolism, SOD1, Vacuole, Yeast
• O2k-Network Lab: UK Canterbury Gourlay CW
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Genetic knockout;overexpression Pathology: Neurodegenerative
Organism: Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Preparation: Intact cells
Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE, ET Pathway: ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k