Bednarczyk 2014 Abstract IOC96

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Bednarczyk P (2014) Coupling of the mitochondrial BKCa channel to the respiratory chain. Mitochondr Physiol Network 19.11.

Link:

Bednarczyk P, Siemen D, Szewczyk A (2014)

Event: IOC96

Potassium channels as present in the plasma membrane of various cells have also been found in the inner mitochondrial membrane. Potassium channels have been proposed to regulate the mitochondrial membrane potential, respiration, matrix volume and Ca2+ ion homeostasis. It has been suggested that mitochondrial potassium channels participate in ischemic preconditioning and neurodegenerative disorders. In our study single channel activity of a large conductance Ca2+-regulated potassium channel was measured by patch-clamp of mitoplasts isolated from an astrocytoma cell line. A potassium selective current was recorded with a mean conductance of 290 pS in symmetrical 150 mM KCl solution. The channel was activated by Ca2+ at micromolar concentrations and inhibited irreversibly by iberiotoxin, an selective inhibitor of the BKCa channel. Additionally, we showed that substrates of the respiratory chain like NADH, succinate, and glutamate/malate, decrease the activity of the channel at positive voltages. The effect was abolished by rotenone, antimycin and cyanide, being inhibitors of respiratory chain. Our findings indicate that mitochondrial large conductance Ca2+-regulated potassium channels with properties similar to the surface membrane BKCa channel are present in human astrocytoma mitochondria and can be stimulated by redox status of the respiratory chain.

Details: Bednarczyk P, Wieckowski MR, Broszkiewicz M, Skowronek K, Siemen D, Szewczyk A. Putative Structural and Functional Coupling of the Mitochondrial BKCa Channel to the Respiratory Chain. PLoS One. 2013 Jun 27;8(6):e68125.

Keywords: Calcium-regulated potassium channel, astroycytoma, patch-clamp, mitoplast, channel activity, redox status
Abstract Bednarczyk P Graphical.jpg
Schematic of the proposed model and the applied substrates/inhibitors of the respiratory chain.

O2k-Network Lab: PL Warsaw Szewczyk A, DE Magdeburg Klinik Neurologie, DE Magdeburg Siemen D, PL Warsaw Bednarczyk P


Labels: MiParea: Respiration, mt-Membrane 


Organism: Human  Tissue;cell: Nervous system, Other cell lines  Preparation: SMP  Enzyme: Inner mt-membrane transporter 




Affiliation

Department of Biophysics, Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Warsaw, Poland

Department of Neurology, Otto-von-Guericke-University, Magdeburg, Germany

Laboratory of Intracellular Ion Channels, Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology, Warsaw, Poland