Bianco 2019 PLoS One
|Bianco M, Lopes JA, Beiral HJV, Filho JDD, Frankenfeld SP, Fortunato RS, Gattass CR, Vieyra A, Takiya CM (2019) The contralateral kidney presents with impaired mitochondrial functions and disrupted redox homeostasis after 14 days of unilateral ureteral obstruction in mice. PLoS One 14:e0218986.|
Abstract: In unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO), both oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction are related to cell death. The aim of this study has been to characterize profiles of enzyme antioxidant activities and mitochondrial functioning of the contralateral (CL) compared to UUO and Sham (false-operated) kidneys of Balb/c mice. Kidneys were resected 14 days after obstruction for immunohistochemical and cortical mitochondrial functioning assays. Antioxidant enzymes activities were investigated in mitochondria and cytosol. Oxygen consumption (QO2) and formation of O2 reactive species (ROS) were assessed with pyruvate plus malate or succinate as the respiratory substrates. QO2 decreased in CL and UUO in all states using substrates for complex II, whereas it was affected only in UUO when substrates for complex I were used. Progressive decrease in mitochondrial ROS formation-in the forward and reverse pathway at complex I-correlates well with the inhibition of QO2 and, therefore, with decreased electron transfer at the level of complexes upstream of cytochrome c oxidase. CL and UUO transmembrane potential responses to ADP were impaired with succinate. Intense Ca2+-induced swelling was elicited in CL and UUO mitochondria. Important and selective differences exist in CL antioxidant enzymes with respect to either Sham or UUO kidneys: CL kidneys had increased mitochondrial glutathione peroxidase and cytosolic catalase activities, indicative of compensatory responses in the face of an early altered ROS homeostasis (as detected by 4-hydroxynonenal), and of a significant tendency to apoptosis. In CL and UUO, upregulation of nuclear (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 transcription factor (Nrf2), as well as of cytoplasmic and nuclear Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1) in opposition to decreased heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), suggest impairment of the Nrf2/Keap1/HO-1 system. It is concluded that chronic obstruction impairs mitochondrial function in CL and UUO, preferentially affecting complex II.
• Bioblast editor: Plangger M
Labels: MiParea: Respiration Pathology: Other
Organism: Mouse Tissue;cell: Kidney Preparation: Isolated mitochondria
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET Pathway: N, S HRR: Oxygraph-2k