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Bustamante 2008 Neurochem Res

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Bustamante J, Czerniczyniec A, Cymeryng C, Lores-Arnaiz S (2008) Age related changes from youth to adulthood in rat brain cortex: nitric oxide synthase and mitochondrial respiratory function. Neurochem Res 33:1216-23.

ยป PMID: 18259860

Bustamante J, Czerniczyniec A, Cymeryng C, Lores-Arnaiz S (2008) Neurochem Res

Abstract: Age related changes in brain cortex NO metabolism were investigated in mitochondria and cytosolic extracts from youth to adulthood. Decreases of 19%, 40% and 71% in NO production were observed in mitochondrial fractions from 3, 7, and 14 months old rats, respectively, as compared with 1-month-old rats. Decreased nNOS protein expression in 14 months old rats was also observed in mitochondria as compared with the nNOS protein expression in 1-month-old rats. Low levels of eNOS protein expression close to the detection limits and no iNOS protein expression were significantly detected in mitochondrial fraction for both groups of age. NO production in the cytosolic extracts also showed a marked decreasing tendency, showing higher levels than those observed in mitochondrial fractions for all groups of age. In the cytosolic extracts, however, the levels were stabilized in adult animals from 7 to 14 months. nNOS protein expression showed a similar age-pattern in cytosolic extracts for both groups of age, while the protein expression pattern for eNOS was higher expressed in adult rats (14 months) than in young animals. As well as in mitochondrial extracts iNOS protein expression was not significantly detected in cytosolic extracts at any age. RT-PCR assays indicated increased levels of nNOS mRNA in 1-month-old rats as compared with 14 months old rats, showing a similar pattern to that one observed for protein nNOS expression. A different aged pattern was observed for eNOS mRNA expression, being lower in 1-month-old rats as compared with 14 months old animals. iNOS mRNA was very low expressed in both groups of age, showing a residual iNOS mRNA that was not significantly detected. State 3 respiration rates were 78% and 85% higher when succinate and malate-glutamate were used as substrates, respectively, in 14 months rats as compared with 1-month-old rats. No changes were observed in state 4 respiration rates. These results could indicate 1 that nNOS and eNOS mRNA and protein expression can be age-dependent, and confirmed the nNOS origin for the mitochondrial NOS. During rat growth, the respiratory function seems to be modulated by NO produced by the different NOS enzymes: nNOS, eNOS and mtNOS present in the cytosol and in the mitochondria. โ€ข Keywords: Brain cortex cytosol and mitochondria, Nitric oxide, Electron transport chain, NOS-mRNA

โ€ข O2k-Network Lab: AR Buenos Aires Boveris A

Labels: Pathology: Aging;senescence 

Organism: Rat  Tissue;cell: Nervous system  Preparation: Isolated mitochondria 

HRR: Oxygraph-2k