Catalao 2019 Brain Res
|Catalão CHR, Souza AO, Santos-Júnior NN, da Silva SC, da Costa LHA, Alberici LC, Rocha MJA, da Silva Lopes L (2019) Kaolin-induced hydrocephalus causes acetylcholinesterase activity dysfunction following hypothalamic damage in infant rats. Brain Res 1724:146408.|
Abstract: In hydrocephalus, the progressive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) causes dilatation of the lateral ventricles affecting the third ventricle and diencephalic structures such as the hypothalamus. These structures play a key role in the regulation of several neurovegetative functions by the production of the hormones. Since endocrine disturbances are commonly observed in hydrocephalic children, we investigated the impact of progressive ventricular dilation on the hypothalamus of infant rats submitted to kaolin-induced hydrocephalus. Seven-day-old infant rats were submitted to hydrocephalus induction by kaolin 20% injection method. After 14 days, the animals were decapitated and brain was collected to analyze mitochondrial function, neuronal activity by acetylcholinesterase (AChE) enzyme, oxidative damage, glial activation, and, neurotransmission-related proteins and anti-apoptotic processes in the hypothalamus. The hydrocephalic animals showed reduction in respiratory rates in the States of phosphorylation (P < 0.01) and non-phosphorylation (P < 0.05); increase in AChE activity in both the cytosol (P < 0.05) and the membrane (P < 0.01); decrease in synaptophysin (P < 0.05) and Bcl-2 (P < 0.05) contents and; increase in protein carbonyl (P < 0.01), GFAP (P < 0.01) and Iba-1 (P < 0.05) levels. The results demonstrate that ventricular dilation causes hypothalamic damage characterized by cholinergic dysfunction and suggests further investigation of the synthesis and secretion of hormones to generate new approaches and to assist in the treatment of hydrocephalic patients with hormonal alterations.
Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration Pathology: Other
Organism: Rat Tissue;cell: Nervous system Preparation: Homogenate
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET Pathway: N, ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k