Chara 2011 J Exp Zool A Ecol Genet Physiol
|Chara O, Espelt MV, Krumschnabel G, Schwarzbaum PJ (2011) Regulatory volume decrease and P receptor signaling in fish cells: mechanisms, physiology, and modeling approaches. J Exp Zool A Ecol Genet Physiol 315: 175-202.|
Abstract: For animal cell plasma membranes, the permeability of water is much higher than that of ions and other solutes, and exposure to hyposmotic conditions almost invariably causes rapid water influx and cell swelling. In this situation, cells deploy regulatory mechanisms to preserve membrane integrity and avoid lysis. The phenomenon of regulatory volume decrease, the partial or full restoration of cell volume following cell swelling, is well-studied in mammals, with uncountable investigations yielding details on the signaling network and the effector mechanisms involved in the process. In comparison, cells from other vertebrates and from invertebrates received little attention, despite of the fact that e.g. fish cells could present rewarding model systems given the diversity in ecology and lifestyle of this animal group that may be reflected by an equal diversity of physiological adaptive mechanisms, including those related to cell volume regulation. In this review, we therefore present an overview on the most relevant aspects known on hypotonic volume regulation presently known in fish, summarizing transporters and signaling pathways described so far, and then focus on an aspect we have particularly studied over the past years using fish cell models, i.e. the role of extracellular nucleotides in mediating cell volume recovery of swollen cells. We, furthermore, present diverse modeling approaches developed on the basis of data derived from studies with fish and other models and discuss their potential use for gaining insight into the theoretical framework of volume regulation.