Chowdhury 2021 Cancers (Basel)
|Chowdhury SR, Peltier C, Hou S, Singh A, Johnston JB, Gibson SB, Marshall A, Banerji V (2021) Ex vivo mitochondrial respiration parallels biochemical response to ibrutinib in CLL cells. Cancers (Basel) 13:E354.|
Abstract: Mitochondrial respiration is becoming more commonly used as a preclinical tool and potential biomarker for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and activated B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling. However, respiration parameters have not been evaluated with respect to dose of ibrutinib given in clinical practice or the effect of progression on ibrutinib treatment on respiration of CLL cells. We evaluated the impact of low and standard dose ibrutinib on CLL cells from patients treated in vivo on mitochondrial respiration using Oroboros oxygraph. Cytokines CCL3 and CCL4 were evaluated using the Mesoscale. Western blot analysis was used to evaluate the BCR and apoptotic pathways. We observed no difference in the mitochondrial respiration rates or levels of plasma chemokine (C-C motif) ligands 3 and 4 (CCL3/CCL4), β-2 microglobulin (β-2 M) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) between low and standard doses of ibrutinib. This may confirm why clinical observations of the safety and efficacy of low dose ibrutinib are observed in practice. Of interest, we also observed that the mitochondrial respiration of CLL cells paralleled the increase in β-2 M and LDH at progression. Our study further supports mitochondrial respiration as a biomarker for response and progression on ibrutinib in CLL cells and a valuable pre-clinical tool.
• Keywords: B-cell receptor (BCR), Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor, Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), Ibrutinib (IB), Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Mitochondrial respiration, Plasma chemokine (C-C motif) ligands 3 and 4 (CCL3 and CCL4), β-2 microglobulin (β-2 M) • Bioblast editor: Plangger M • O2k-Network Lab: CA Winnipeg Banerji V
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Pharmacology;toxicology Pathology: Cancer
Organism: Human Tissue;cell: Lymphocyte Preparation: Intact cells
Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE, ET Pathway: ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k