De Medeiros 2018 Biochim Biophys Acta
|de Medeiros WA, da Silva LA, Dall'Igna DM, Michels M, Manfredini A, Dos Santos Cardoso J, Constantino L, Scaini G, Vuolo F, Streck EL, Ritter C, Dal-Pizzol F (2018) N-acetylcysteine effects on a murine model of chronic critical limb ischemia. Biochim Biophys Acta 1864:454-63.|
Abstract: During chronic limb ischemia, oxidative damage and inflammation are described. Besides oxidative damage, the decrease of tissue oxygen levels is followed by several adaptive responses. The purpose of this study was to determine whether supplementation with N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is effective in an animal model of chronic limb ischemia. Chronic limb ischemia was induced and animals were treated once a day for 30 consecutive days with NAC (30mg/kg). After this time clinical scores were recorded and soleus muscle was isolated and lactate levels, oxidative damage and inflammatory parameters were determined. In addition, several mechanisms associated with hypoxia adaptation were measured (vascular endothelial growth factor - VEGF and hypoxia inducible factor - HIF levels, ex vivo oxygen consumption, markers of autophagy/mitophagy, and mitochondrial biogenesis). The adaptation to chronic ischemia in this model included an increase in muscle VEGF and HIF levels, and NAC was able to decrease VEGF, but not HIF levels. In addition, ex vivo oxygen consumption under hypoxia was increased in muscle from ischemic animals, and NAC was able to decrease this parameter. This effect was not mediated by a direct effect of NAC on oxygen consumption. Ischemia was followed by a significant increase in muscle myeloperoxidase activity, as well as interleukin-6 and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances species levels. Supplementation with NAC was able to attenuate inflammatory and oxidative damage parameters, and improve clinical scores. In conclusion, NAC treatment decreases oxidative damage and inflammation, and modulates oxygen consumption under hypoxic conditions in a model of chronic limb ischemia.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, mt-Biogenesis;mt-density, Pharmacology;toxicology
Stress:Ischemia-reperfusion, Hypoxia Organism: Rat
Coupling state: OXPHOS Pathway: F, N, NS HRR: Oxygraph-2k