De Meis 2012 Biosci Rep
|De Meis L, Ketzer LA, Camacho-Pereira J, Galina A (2012) Brown adipose tissue mitochondria: modulation by GDP and fatty acids depends on the respiratory substrates. Biosci Rep 32:53-9.|
Abstract: The UCP1 [first UCP (uncoupling protein)] that is found in the mitochondria of brown adipocytes [BAT (brown adipose tissue)] regulates the heat production, a process linked to non-shivering thermogenesis. The activity of UCP1 is modulated by GDP and fatty acids. In this report, we demonstrate that respiration and heat released by BAT mitochondria vary depending on the respiratory substrate utilized and the coupling state of the mitochondria. It has already been established that, in the presence of pyruvate/malate, BAT mitochondria are coupled by faf-BSA (fatty-acid-free BSA) and GDP, leading to an increase in ATP synthesis and mitochondrial membrane potential along with simultaneous decreases in both the rates of respiration and heat production. Oleate restores the uncoupled state, inhibiting ATP synthesis and increasing the rates of both respiration and heat production. We now show that in the presence of succinate: (i) the rates of uncoupled mitochondria respiration and heat production are five times slower than in the presence of pyruvate/malate; (ii) faf-BSA and GDP accelerate heat and respiration as a result and, in coupled mitochondria, these two rates are accelerated compared with pyruvate/malate; (iii) in spite of the differences in respiration and heat production noted with the two substrates, the membrane potential and the ATP synthesized were the same; and (iv) oleate promoted a decrease in heat production and respiration in coupled mitochondria, an effect different from that observed using pyruvate/malate. These effects are not related to the production of ROS (reactive oxygen species). We suggest that succinate could stimulate a new route to heat production in BAT mitochondria.
• Keywords: UCP1 [first UCP (uncoupling protein)], Brown adipocytes [BAT (brown adipose tissue)], faf-BSA (fatty-acid-free BSA), ROS (reactive oxygen species)
• O2k-Network Lab: BR Rio de Janeiro Galina A
Stress:Oxidative stress;RONS Organism: Human Tissue;cell: Fat
Regulation: Fatty acid