De Velasco 2017 Br J Nutr
|de Velasco PC, Chicaybam G, Ramos-Filho DM, Dos Santos RMAR, Mairink C, Sardinha FLC, El-Bacha T, Galina A, Tavares-do-Carmo MDG (2017) Maternal intake of trans-unsaturated or interesterified fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation modifies mitochondrial bioenergetics in the liver of adult offspring in mice. Br J Nutr 118:41-52.|
Abstract: The quality of dietary lipids in the maternal diet can programme the offspring to diseases in later life. We investigated whether the maternal intake of palm oil or interesterified fat, substitutes for trans-unsaturated fatty acids (FA), induces metabolic changes in the adult offspring. During pregnancy and lactation, C57BL/6 female mice received normolipidic diets containing partially hydrogenated vegetable fat rich in trans-unsaturated fatty acids (TG), palm oil (PG), interesterified fat (IG) or soyabean oil (CG). After weaning, male offspring from all groups received the control diet until day 110. Plasma glucose and TAG and liver FA profiles were ascertained. Liver mitochondrial function was accessed with high-resolution respirometry by measuring VO2, fluorimetry for detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) production and mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake. The results showed that the IG offspring presented a 20 % increase in plasma glucose and both the IG and TG offspring presented a 2- and 1·9-fold increase in TAG, respectively, when compared with CG offspring. Liver MUFA and PUFA contents decreased in the TG and IG offspring when compared with CG offspring. Liver MUFA content also decreased in the PG offspring. These modifications in FA composition possibly affected liver mitochondrial function, as respiration was impaired in the TG offspring and H2O2 production was higher in the IG offspring. In addition, mitochondrial Ca2+ retention capacity was reduced by approximately 40 and 55 % in the TG and IG offspring, respectively. In conclusion, maternal consumption of trans-unsaturated and interesterified fat affected offspring health by compromising mitochondrial bioenergetics and lipid metabolism in the liver.
• Keywords: Trans-fatty acids, CG control group, CL cardiolipin, ETS electron transfer system, FA fatty acids, FCCP carbonyl cyanide-4-(trifluoromethoxy) phenylhydrazone, H2O2 hydrogen peroxide, IF interesterified fat, IG interesterified fat group, LA linoleic acid, MPTP mitochondrial permeability transition pore, PG palm oil group, PO palm oil, ROS, SUCC succinate, TFA trans-unsaturated fatty acids, TG trans-fat group, Reactive O2 species, Dietary lipids, Interesterified fat, Liver mitochondria, Metabolic programming • Bioblast editor: Kandolf G • O2k-Network Lab: BR Rio de Janeiro Galina A, BR Rio de Janeiro Institute Biomedical Chemistry, BR Rio de Janeiro Da Poian AT
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Developmental biology, Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style
Organism: Mouse Tissue;cell: Liver Preparation: Isolated mitochondria
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET Pathway: N, NS, ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k
Labels, 2017-12, AmR