Debska 2001 Brain Res
|Debska G, May R, Kicinska A, Swewczyk A, Elger C, Kunz WS (2001) Potassium channel openers depolarize hippocampal mitochondria. Brain Res 892:42-50.|
Abstract: We investigated the effect of the potassium channel openers diazoxide and RP66471 on mitochondrial membrane potential and mitochondrial respiration in digitonin-treated rat hippocampal homogenates. Both diazoxide and RP66471 induced a dose-dependent decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential. Concomitant with the depolarization was an increase of mitochondrial respiration. Furthermore, the mitochondrial membrane depolarization induced by diazoxide and RP66471 was significantly larger in the presence of potassium ions than in the presence of sodium ions. The diazoxide-induced (but not RP66471-induced) mitochondrial membrane depolarization was partially inhibited by blockers of the ATP-regulated potassium channel, 5-hydroxydecanoic acid or the antidiabetic sulfonylurea glibenclamide. In addition, the potassium channel openers diazoxide and RP66471 increased mitochondrial matrix volume and induced a release of cytochrome c from hippocampal mitochondria. These results indicate the presence of a mitochondrial ATP-regulated potassium channel in rat hippocampus being a target for potassium channel openers.
• Keywords: Hippocampus, Mitochondria, Potassium channel opener, Glibenclamide, 5-Hydroxydecanoic acid, Mitochondrial ATP-regulated potassium channel
Organism: Rat Tissue;cell: Nervous system Preparation: Homogenate