Esteves 2010 J Neurochem

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Esteves AR, Lu J, Rodova M, Onyango I, Lezi E, Dubinsky R, Lyons KE, Pahwa R, Burns JM, Cardoso SM, Swerdlow RH (2010) Mitochondrial respiration and respiration-associated proteins in cell lines created through Parkinson's subject mitochondrial transfer. J Neurochem 113:674-82.

» PMID: 20132468

Esteves AR, Lu J, Rodova M, Onyango I, Lezi E, Dubinsky R, Lyons KE, Pahwa R, Burns JM, Cardoso SM, Swerdlow RH (2010) J Neurochem

Abstract: Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with perturbed mitochondrial function. Studies of cytoplasmic hybrid (cybrid) cell lines containing mitochondria from PD subjects suggest complex I dysfunction in particular is a relatively upstream biochemical defect. To evaluate potential downstream consequences of PD mitochondrial dysfunction, we used a cybrid approach to model PD mitochondrial dysfunction; our cybrid cell lines were generated via transfer of PD or control subject platelet mitochondria to mtDNA-depleted NT2 cells. To confirm our PD cybrid mitochondria did indeed differ from control cybrid mitochondria we measured complex I V(max) activities. Consistent with other PD cybrid reports, relative to control cybrid cell lines the PD cybrid cell line mean complex I V(max) activity was reduced. In this validated model, we used an oxygen electrode to characterize PD cybrid mitochondrial respiration. Although whole cell basal oxygen consumption was comparable between the PD and control cybrid groups, the proton leak was increased and maximum respiratory capacity was decreased in the PD cybrids. PD cybrids also had reduced SIRT1 phosphorylation, reduced peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1alpha levels, and increased NF-kB activation. We conclude mitochondrial respiration and pathways influenced by aerobic metabolism are altered in NT2 cybrid cell lines generated through transfer of PD subject platelet mitochondria.

Keywords: Cybrids, Mitochondria, Parkinson’s disease, Respiration

O2k-Network Lab: US Kansas City Swerdlow RH


Labels: MiParea: Respiration  Pathology: Parkinson's  Stress:Mitochondrial disease  Organism: Human  Tissue;cell: Blood cells, Platelet  Preparation: Intact cells 


Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE, ET  Pathway: N, ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k