Frawley 2017 Chem Res Toxicol
|Frawley KL, Cronican AA, Pearce LL, Peterson J (2017) Sulfide toxicity and its modulation by nitric oxide in bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells. Chem Res Toxicol 30:2100-9.|
Abstract: Bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC) respond in a dose-dependent manner to millimolar (0-10) levels of sodium sulfide (NaHS). No measurable increase in caspase-3 activity and no change in the extent of autophagy (or mitophagy) were observed in BPAEC. However, lactate dehydrogenase levels increased in the BPAEC exposed NaHS, which indicated necrotic cell death. In the case of galactose-conditioned BPAEC, the toxicity of NaHS was increased by 30% compared to that observed in BPAEC maintained in the regular glucose-containing culture medium, which indicated a link between mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and the mechanism of toxicant action. This is consistent with the widely held view that cytochrome c oxidase (complex IV of the mitochondrial electron-transport system) is the principal molecular target involved in the acute toxicity of "sulfide" (H2S/HS-). In support of this view, elevated NO (which can reverse cytochrome c oxidase inhibition) ameliorated the toxicity of NaHS and, conversely, suppression of endogenous NO production exacerbated the observed toxicity. Respirometric measurements showed the BPAEC to possess a robust sulfide oxidizing system, which was able to out-compete cytochrome c oxidase for available H2S/HS- at micromolar concentrations. This detoxification system has previously been reported by other groups in several cell types, but notably, not neurons. The findings appear to provide some insight into the question of why human survivors of H2S inhalation frequently present at the clinic with respiratory insufficiency/pulmonary edema, while acutely poisoned laboratory animals tend to either succumb to cardiopulmonary paralysis or fully recover without any intervention.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Pharmacology;toxicology
Organism: Bovines Tissue;cell: Endothelial;epithelial;mesothelial cell Preparation: Intact cells
Coupling state: ROUTINE