Gellerich 2004 Mitochondrion

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Gellerich FN, Mayr JA, Reuter S, Sperl W, Zierz S (2004) The problem of interlab variation in methods for mitochondrial disease diagnosis: enzymatic measurement of respiratory chain complexes. Mitochondrion 4:427-39.

» PMID: 16120404

Gellerich FN, Mayr JA, Reuter S, Sperl W, Zierz S (2004) Mitochondrion

Abstract: Due to the large importance of mitochondrial function for numerous diseases the detection of respiratory chain defects for diagnostic purposes is an important task of mitochondrial medicine. For comparing the methods, standard mitochondrial homogenate prepared from bovine skeletal muscle was sent on dry ice to 14 labs of 8 countries. Activities of Complexes I, I + III, II, II + III, IV (cytochrome c oxidase) and V (F0F1ATPase) as well as of citrate synthase were measured. For all enzymes the results differed at more than one order of magnitude. From eight labs we were able to compare the results with their control values for human skeletal muscle. Four labs found normal activity of cytochrome c oxidase whereas three labs found higher and one lab found lower activities compared to the own controls. Since all labs used different temperatures (25, 30 and 37 degrees C) in one lab the temperature dependencies were measured experimentally. The temperature correction did not much reduce the divergence of the results. It is concluded that differences in the lab protocols are the reason for the large variation of results. Since the experimental results strongly depend on the used method a strict standardization is necessary.


Bioblast editor: Gnaiger E

Cited by

Gnaiger E (2021) Bioenergetic cluster analysis – mitochondrial respiratory control in human fibroblasts. MitoFit Preprints 2021.8.


Gnaiger E (2021) Bioenergetic cluster analysis – mitochondrial respiratory control in human fibroblasts. MitoFit Preprints 2021.8. - »Bioblast link«


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Enzyme: Complex I, Complex II;succinate dehydrogenase, Complex III, Complex IV;cytochrome c oxidase, Complex V;ATP synthase, Marker enzyme 



MitoFit 2021 BCA