Geoghegan 2017 Oncol Lett
|Geoghegan F, Chadderton N, Farrar GJ, Zisterer DM1, Porter RK (2017) Direct effects of phenformin on metabolism/bioenergetics and viability of SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. Oncol Lett 14:6298-306.|
Abstract: Phenformin, a member of the biguanides class of drugs, has been reported to be efficacious in cancer treatment. The focus of the current study was to establish whether there were direct effects of phenformin on the metabolism and bioenergetics of neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cancer cells. Cell viability was assessed using the alamar blue assay, flow cytometry analysis using propidium iodide and annexin V stain and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase analysis. Cellular and mitochondrial oxygen consumption was determined using a Seahorse Bioscience Flux analyser and an Oroboros Oxygraph respirometer. Cells were transfected using electroporation and permeabilized for in situ mitochondrial functional analysis using digitonin. Standard protocols were used for immunoblotting and proteins were separated on denaturing gels. Phenformin was effective in reducing the viability of SH-SY5Y cells, causing G1 cell cycle arrest and inducing apoptosis. Bioenergetic analysis demonstrated that phenformin significantly decreased oxygen consumption in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The sensitivity of oxygen consumption in SH-SY5Y cells to phenformin was circumvented by the expression of NADH-quinone oxidoreductase 1, a ubiquinone oxidoreductase, suggesting that complex I may be a target of phenformin. As a result of this inhibition, adenosine monophosphate protein kinase is activated and acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase is inhibited. To the best of our knowledge, the current study is the first to demonstrate the efficacy and underlying mechanism by which phenformin directly effects the survival of neuroblastoma cancer cells.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Pharmacology;toxicology Pathology: Cancer
Organism: Human Tissue;cell: Nervous system Preparation: Permeabilized cells
Pathway: N, NS, ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k