Hartmann 2020 Free Radic Res
|Hartmann DD, Gonçalves DF, Da Rosa PC, Martins RP, Courtes AA, Franco JL, A Soares FA, Puntel GO (2020) A single muscle contusion promotes an immediate alteration in mitochondrial bioenergetics response in skeletal muscle fibres with different metabolism. Free Radic Res 54:137-49.|
Abstract: Skeletal muscle is the most abundant tissue in the human body and mechanical injuries are common; these are frequently of mechanical origins, such as contusion. However, the immediate mitochondrial response to injury and energetic substrate utilisation is still unclear. We evaluated the acute response in mitochondrial function after a single muscle contusion, either in fast twitch fibres (glycolytic metabolism), fast and slow twitch (oxidative and glycolytic metabolism), or slow twitch fibres (oxidative metabolism). Rats were assigned to two groups: control and Lesion (muscle contusion). We collected the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. The fibres were analysed for mitochondrial respiration, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), citrate synthase (CS) activity, Ca2+ uptake, and H2O2 production. We found that muscle injury was able to increase ATP synthesis-dependent and OXPHOS oxygen flux in the oxidative fibres when stimulated by complex I + II substrates. On the other hand, the muscle injury increased hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) production when compared to control fibres, and reduced citrate synthase activity; however, it did not change Ca2+ uptake. Surprisingly, injury in mixed fibres increased the OXPHOS and ATP synthesis oxygen consumption, and H2O2 production, but it reduced Ca2+ uptake. The injury in glycolytic fibres did not affect oxygen flux coupled to ATP synthesis, citrate synthase, and lactate dehydrogenase activity, but did reduce Ca2+ uptake. Finally, we demonstrated distinct mitochondrial responses between the different muscle fibres, indicating that the mitochondrial dynamics is related to flexibilities in metabolism, and that reactive oxygen species directly affect physiology and normal function.
• Keywords: Bioenergetics, ROS production, Contusion injury, High-resolution respirometry, Mitochondrial function, Skeletal muscle fibres • Bioblast editor: Plangger M • O2k-Network Lab: BR Santa Maria Soares FA, BR Sao Gabriel Franco JL
Labels: MiParea: Respiration Pathology: Other
Organism: Rat Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle Preparation: Permeabilized tissue
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET Pathway: N, S, NS HRR: Oxygraph-2k, O2k-Fluorometer
Labels, 2020-02, AmR