Hedges 2019 Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol
|Hedges CP, Wilkinson RT, Devaux JBL, Hickey AJR (2019) Hymenoptera flight muscle mitochondrial function: Increasing metabolic power increases oxidative stress. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 230:115-21.|
Abstract: Insect flight is a high intensity activity, but biomechanical and metabolic requirements may vary depending on life style and feeding mode. For example, bees generally feed on pollen and nectar, whereas wasps also actively hunt and scavenge heavy prey. These variations in metabolic demands may result in different capacities of metabolic pathways in flight muscle, and utilisation some of these pathways may come at a cost of increased free radical production. To examine how metabolic requirements and oxidative stress vary between species, we explored the variation in flight mechanics and metabolism of the honeybee (Apis mellifera), bumblebee (Bombus terrestris), and German wasp (Vespula germanica). Wing structures and flight muscle properties were compared alongside measures of oxygen flux and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production from permeabilised flight muscle. The wasp wing structure is best adapted for carrying heavy loads, with the highest wing aspect ratio, lowest wing loading, and highest flight muscle ratio. Bumblebees had the lowest wing aspect ratio and flight muscle ratio, and highest wing loading. Although wasps also had the highest rates of oxygen consumption during oxidative phosphorylation, oxygen consumption did not increase in the wasp muscle following chemical uncoupling, while it did for the two bee species. While mitochondrial glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (mGPDH) mediated oxygen flux was greatest in wasps, muscle fibres released greater amounts of ROS through this pathway. Overall, the wasp has maximised lifting capacities through varying wing and flight muscle mass and by maximising OXPHOS capacities, and this accompanies elevated ROS production.
Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc. • Keywords: Flight muscle, Glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, Mitochondria, Reactive oxygen species, Wing loading • Bioblast editor: Plangger M • O2k-Network Lab: NZ Auckland Hickey AJ
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Comparative MiP;environmental MiP
Stress:Oxidative stress;RONS Organism: Other invertebrates Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle Preparation: Permeabilized tissue
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET Pathway: N, S, Gp, CIV, NS, ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k, O2k-Fluorometer