Kramer 2014 J Vis Exp

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Kramer PA, Chacko BK, Ravi S, Johnson MS, Mitchell T, Darley-Usmar VM (2014) Bioenergetics and the oxidative burst: protocols for the isolation and evaluation of human leukocytes and platelets. J Vis Exp 2014 Mar 27(85). doi: 10.3791/51301.

» PMID: 24747339 Open Access

Kramer PA, Chacko BK, Ravi S, Johnson MS, Mitchell T, Darley-Usmar VM (2014) J Vis Exp

Abstract: Mitochondrial dysfunction is known to play a significant role in a number of pathological conditions such as atherosclerosis, diabetes, septic shock, and neurodegenerative diseases but assessing changes in bioenergetic function in patients is challenging. Although diseases such as diabetes or atherosclerosis present clinically with specific organ impairment, the systemic components of the pathology, such as hyperglycemia or inflammation, can alter bioenergetic function in circulating leukocytes or platelets. This concept has been recognized for some time but its widespread application has been constrained by the large number of primary cells needed for bioenergetic analysis. This technical limitation has been overcome by combining the specificity of the magnetic bead isolation techniques, cell adhesion techniques, which allow cells to be attached without activation to microplates, and the sensitivity of new technologies designed for high throughput microplate respirometry. An example of this equipment is the extracellular flux analyzer. Such instrumentation typically uses oxygen and pH sensitive probes to measure rates of change in these parameters in adherent cells, which can then be related to metabolism. Here we detail the methods for the isolation and plating of monocytes, lymphocytes, neutrophils and platelets, without activation, from human blood and the analysis of mitochondrial bioenergetic function in these cells. In addition, we demonstrate how the oxidative burst in monocytes and neutrophils can also be measured in the same samples. Since these methods use only 8-20 ml human blood they have potential for monitoring reactive oxygen species generation and bioenergetics in a clinical setting.


Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Instruments;methods 


Organism: Human  Tissue;cell: Blood cells, Platelet  Preparation: Intact cells 


Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE, ET 


Blood cell preparation