Lu 2018 ACS Infect Dis
|Lu X, Williams Z, Hards K, Tang J, Cheung CY, Aung HL, Wang B, Liu Z, Hu X, Lenaerts AJ, Woolhiser L, Hastings C, Zhang X, Wang Z, Rhee KY, Ding K, Zhang T, Cook GM (2018) A pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine inhibitor of the respiratory cytochrome bcc complex for the treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis. ACS Infect Dis 5:239-49.|
Abstract: Respiration is a promising target for the development of new antimycobacterial agents, with a growing number of compounds in clinical development entering this target space. However, more candidate inhibitors are needed to expand the therapeutic options available for drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Here, we characterize a putative respiratory complex III (QcrB) inhibitor, TB47: a pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine-3-carboxamide. TB47 is active (MIC between 0.016 - 0.500 µg/mL) against a panel of 56 M. tuberculosis clinical isolates, including 37 multi-drug resistant and 2 extensively-drug resistant strains. Pharmacokinetic and toxicity studies showed promising profiles, including negligible CYP450 interactions, cytotoxicity and hERG channel inhibition. Consistent with other reported QcrB inhibitors, TB47 inhibits oxygen consumption only when the alternative oxidase, cytochrome bd, is deleted. A point mutation in the qcrB cd2-loop (H190Y, M. smegmatis numbering) rescues the inhibitory effects of TB47. Metabolomic profiling of TB47-treated M. tuberculosis H37Rv cultures revealed accumulation of steps in TCA cycle and pentose phosphate pathway that are linked to reducing-equivalents, suggesting that TB47 causes metabolic redox stress. In mouse infection models, a TB47 monotherapy was not bactericidal. However, TB47 was strongly synergistic with pyrazinamide and rifampicin, suggesting a promising role in combination therapies. We propose that TB47 is an effective lead compound for the development of novel Tuberculosis chemotherapies.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Pharmacology;toxicology Pathology: Infectious
Preparation: Intact organism