Meunier 1995 Biochemistry

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Meunier B, Madgwick SA, Reil E, Oettmeier W, Rich PR (1995) New inhibitors of the quinol oxidation sites of bacterial cytochromes bo and bd. Biochemistry 34:1076-83.

» PMID: 7827023

Meunier Brigitte, Madgwick Sally A, Rei Ellen, Oettmeier Walter, Rich Peter R (1995) Biochemistry

Abstract: A screen has been performed of possible inhibitors of the quinol oxidation sites of the two terminal oxidases of Escherichia coli, cytochromes bo and bd. Aurachin C and its analogues were found to be particularly effective inhibitors of both enzymes, whereas aurachin D and its analogues displayed a selectivity for inhibition of cytochrome bd. In addition, a tridecyl derivative of stigmatellin was found to inhibit cytochrome bo at concentrations which were without significant effect on cytochrome bd. Titration of membrane-bound cytochromes bo and bd with aurachin C gave an observed dissociation constant in the range of 10-8 M. A similar observed dissociation constant was determined for aurachin D inhibition of cytochrome bd. For both enzymes, their kinetic behavior during a series of substrate pulses indicates that it is reduction of the enzyme by quinol, and not reaction with oxygen, which is inhibited. It is concluded that the aurachins are powerful inhibitors of the quinol oxidation sites of bacterial cytochromes bo and bd. The effects of aurachin C on cytochrome bo were investigated in more detail. The number of inhibitor binding sites on the purified enzyme was determined by titration to be 0.6 per enzyme. At an inhibitorloxidase ratio of 1.0, electron donation into the enzyme from added quinol is extremely slow, making it very unlikely that there is more than one quinone-reactive site. Aurachin C caused a potent inhibition of electron donation from a pulse of quinol. In contrast, it was without effect on cyanide or carbon monoxide binding to the reduced enzyme, on cyanide binding to the oxidized enzyme, on the optical spectra of the heme groups, or on the kinetics of oxygen reduction after photolysis of carbon monoxide from the reduced enzyme. We conclude that binding of aurachin C specifically inhibits the quinol oxidation site and does not directly affect the properties of the binuclear center.

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Regulation: Q-junction effect