Moon 2012 J Biol Chem

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Moon SH, Jenkins CM, Kiebish MA, Sims HF, Mancuso DJ, Gross RW (2012) Genetic ablation of calcium-independent phospholipase A (iPLA) attenuates calcium-induced opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore and resultant cytochrome c release. J Biol Chem 287:29837-50.

» PMID: 22778252 Open Access

Moon SH, Jenkins CM, Kiebish MA, Sims HF, Mancuso DJ, Gross RW (2012) J Biol Chem

Abstract: Herein, we demonstrate that calcium-independent phospholipase A (iPLA) is a critical mechanistic participant in the calcium-induced opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP). Liver mitochondria from iPLA(-/-) mice were markedly resistant to calcium-induced swelling in the presence or absence of phosphate in comparisons to wild-type littermates. Furthermore, the iPLA enantioselective inhibitor (R)-BEL was markedly more potent than (S)-BEL in inhibiting mPTP opening in mitochondria from wild-type liver in comparison to hepatic mitochondria from iPLA(-/-) mice. Intriguingly, low micromolar concentrations of long chain fatty acyl-CoAs and the non-hydrolyzable thioether analog of palmitoyl-CoA markedly accelerated Ca2+-induced mPTP opening in liver mitochondria from wild-type mice. Addition of L-carnitine enabled the metabolic channeling of acyl-CoA through carnitine palmitoyl transferases (CPT I/II) and attenuated the palmitoyl-CoA-mediated amplification of calcium-induced mPTP opening. In contrast, mitochondria from iPLA(-/-) mice were insensitive to fatty acyl-CoA mediated augmentation of calcium-induced mPTP opening. Moreover, mitochondria from iPLA(-/-) mouse liver were resistant to Ca2+/t-butylhydroperoxide (TBH) induced mPTP opening in comparison to wild-type littermates. In support of these findings, cytochrome c release from iPLA(-/-) mitochondria was dramatically decreased in response to calcium in the presence or absence of either TBH or phenylarsine oxide (PAO) in comparisons to wild-type littermates. Collectively, these results identify iPLA as an important mechanistic component of the mPTP, define its downstream products as potent regulators of mPTP opening and demonstrate the integrated roles of mitochondrial bioenergetics and lipidomic flux in modulating mPTP opening promoting the activation of necrotic and necroapoptotic pathways of cell death.

Keywords: Calcium-independent PLA, Mitochondrial swelling, Mitochondria permeability transition, Reactive oxygen species, Cytochrome c, Acyl-CoA

O2k-Network Lab: US MO St Louis Gross RW


Labels: MiParea: Respiration 

Stress:Cell death, Permeability transition  Organism: Mouse  Tissue;cell: Liver  Preparation: Isolated mitochondria  Enzyme: Complex II;succinate dehydrogenase, Complex IV;cytochrome c oxidase, Marker enzyme, TCA cycle and matrix dehydrogenases  Regulation: Calcium, Cyt c, Substrate, Fatty acid  Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: N, S, CIV  HRR: Oxygraph-2k, TIP2k