Oezen 2005 Hum Mol Genet
|Oezen I, Rossmanith W, Forss-Petter S, Kemp S, Voigtlander T, Moser-Thier K, Wanders RJA, Bittner RE, Berger J (2005) Accumulation of very long-chain fatty acids does not affect mitochondrial function in adrenoleukodystrophy protein deficiency. Hum Mol Genet 14:1127-37.|
Abstract: X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD, OMIM 300100) is a severe inherited neurodegenerative disease, associated with the accumulation of very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA). The recent unexpected observation that the accumulation of VLCFA in tissues of the Abcd1-deficient mouse model for X-ALD is not due to a deficiency in VLCFA degradation, led to the hypothesis that mitochondrial abnormalities might contribute to X-ALD pathology. Here, we report that in spite of substantial accumulation of VLCFA in whole muscle homogenates, normal VLCFA levels were detected in mitochondria obtained by organellar fractionation. Polarographic analyses of the respiratory chain as well as enzymatic assays of isolated muscle mitochondria revealed no differences between X-ALD and control mice. Moreover, analysis by electron microscopy, revealed normal size, structure and localization of mitochondria in muscle of both groups. Similar to the results obtained in skeletal muscle, the mitochondrial enzyme activities in brain homogenates of Abcd1-deficient and wild-type animals also did not differ. Finally, studies on mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in permeabilized human skin fibroblasts of X-ALD patients and controls revealed no abnormalities. Thus, we conclude that the accumulation of VLCFA per se does not cause mitochondrial abnormalities and vice versa—mitochondrial abnormalities are not responsible for the accumulation of VLCFA in X-ALD mice.
• O2k-Network Lab: AT Vienna Bittner RE
Stress:Mitochondrial disease Organism: Human, Mouse Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle, Nervous system, Fibroblast Preparation: Permeabilized cells, Permeabilized tissue, Isolated mitochondria
Regulation: Fatty acid