Though often defined from the individual reader's perspective, a paywall can also apply to an institution (such as a library) or the author. Paywall journalism is the opposite of Open Access. Open Science does not accept paywalls with the argument, that the public pays for governmentally funded research, hence research funded by public grants should be published with open access for the public without paywalls. Paywalls are most frequently defined from the perspective of the individual reader, who has to pay for an article or pay a journal subscription as a requisite for obtaining full access to the information that is otherwise hidden behind the paywall (reader-paywall journal). From the perspective of the authors, however, an author-paywall journal is defined as any journal which requests publication charges or page charges from the authors for publishing the manuscript Open Access or publishing it at all. Similarly, an institutional-paywall journal charges an institution – typically university libraries – for granting open access to the members of this institution. As long as paywall journalism prevails in science, at least paywall transparence should be required, to declare for each publication not only the reader-paywall costs but provide the full information on the author-paywall and institutional-paywall expenses.
Reference: Gnaiger E (2019) Editorial: A vision on preprints for mitochondrial physiology and bioenergetics. https://doi.org/10.26124/mitofit:190002.v2
Communicated by Gnaiger E (2022-03-06)
- "Assuming a publication charge of € 1200 per article, scientists mentioning mitochondria or photosynthesis pay € 100 000 every day in 2021 for ‘selling’ their output to publishers ― over € 36 Mill per year."
- - Gnaiger E (2021) Beyond counting papers – a mission and vision for scientific publication. https://doi.org/10.26124/bec:2021-0005
MitoPedia topics: BEC