Raboel 2009 J Clin Endocrinol Metabol
|Rabøl R, Højberg PM, Almdal T, Boushel R, Haugaard SB, Madsbad S, Dela F (2009) Effect of hyperglycemia on mitochondrial respiration in type 2 diabetes. J Clin Endocrinol Metabol 94:1372-78.|
Abstract: Aim: Skeletal muscle mitochondrial content is reduced in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Whether hyperglycemia inhibits mitochondrial biogenesis and/or function is unknown. This study examined the effect of different levels of glycemia on skeletal muscle mitochondrial function in patients with T2DM.
Patients and Methods: Eleven patients with T2DM [9 males, 2 females; age, 52.8 ± 2.5 yr (mean ± SE); body mass index, 30.2 ± 1.1 kg/m2 ] in poor glycemic control were treated with insulin aspart and NPH insulin for a median period of 46 d (range, 31–59). Mitochondrial respiration and citrate synthase activity (a marker of mitochondrial content) were measured before and after treatment. Eleven healthy subjects (age, 53.3 ± 2.7 yr; body mass index, 30.6 ± 1.1 kg/m2) were included as controls.
Results: Hemoglobin A1c (9.1 ± 0.5 to 7.5 ± 0.3%; P < 0.001) and fasting plasma glucose (12.7 ± 1.1 to 6.5 ± 0.3 mmol/liter; P < 0.001) were reduced after treatment. Mitochondrial respiration per milligram muscle was lower in T2DM compared to controls [substrates for complex I, 24% lower (P < 0.05); substrates for complex I+II, 17% lower (P < 0.05)]. Mitochondrial respiration and citrate synthase activity did not differ before and after improvements in glycemic control, but mitochondrial respiration correlated with fasting plasma glucose before (r2 = 0.53; P < 0.05) but not after treatment [r2 = 0.0024; not significant (NS)]. Mitochondrial respiration normalized to mitochondrial content did not differ between control subjects and patients with T2DM.
Discussion: Mitochondrial respiration and content was not improved after significant improvements in glycemic control. However, severe hyperglycemia inhibited respiration reversibly, but moderate hyperglycemia and mitochondrial function were not correlated.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style, mt-Medicine, Patients Pathology: Diabetes
Organism: Human Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle Preparation: Permeabilized tissue Enzyme: Complex I Regulation: ADP, Ion;substrate transport, Substrate Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS Pathway: N, NS HRR: Oxygraph-2k