Ratajczak 2019 Anal Bioanal Chem
|Ratajczak K, Lukasiak A, Grel H, Dworakowska B, Jakiela S, Stobiecka M (2019) Monitoring of dynamic ATP level changes by oligomycin-modulated ATP synthase inhibition in SW480 cancer cells using fluorescent "On-Off" switching DNA aptamer. Anal Bioanal Chem 411:6899-911.|
Abstract: Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the main energy source in cells and an important biomolecule participating in cellular reactions in living organisms. Since the ATP level changes dynamically reflecting the development of a debilitating disease or carcinogenesis, we have focused in this work on monitoring of the oligomycin (OMC)-modulated ATP synthase inhibition using a fluorescent-switching DNA aptamer designed for the detection of ATP (Apt(ATP)), as the model for studies of dynamic ATP level variation. The behavior of the ATP aptamer has been characterized using fluorescence spectroscopy. The Intramolecular fluorescence resonance energy transfer (iFRET) operates in the proposed aptamer from the FAM dye moiety to guanines of the aptamer G-quadruplex when the target ATP is present and binds to the aptamer changing its conformation. The iFRET process enables the detection of ATP down to the limit of detection, LOD = 17 μM, without resorting to any extra chemi-amplification schemes. The selectivity coefficients for relevant interferent triphosphates (UTP, GTP, and CTP) are low for the same concentration as that of ATP. We have demonstrated an efficient transfection of intact cells and OMC-treated SW480 colon cancer cells with Apt(ATP), using microscopic imaging, iFRET measurements, and cell viability testing with MTT method. The applicability of the switching DNA aptamer for the analysis of real samples, obtained by lysis of SW480 cells, was also tested. The proposed Apt(ATP) may be considered as a viable candidate for utilization in measurements of dynamic ATP level modulation in cells in different stages of cancer development and testing of new drugs in pharmacological studies.
• Keywords: ATP aptamer, ATP synthase inhibition, Adenosine triphosphate, Intramolecular fluorescence resonance energy transfer (iFRET), Microscopic images, Oligomycin • Bioblast editor: Plangger M • O2k-Network Lab: PL Warsaw Szewczyk A
Labels: MiParea: Respiration
Organism: Human Tissue;cell: Endothelial;epithelial;mesothelial cell Preparation: Intact cells
Regulation: ATP, ATP production Coupling state: LEAK, ET