Roy 2013 PLoS One
|Roy C, Paglialunga S, Schaart G, Moonen-Kornips E, Meex RC, Phielix E, Hoeks J, Hesselink MK, Cianflone K, Schrauwen P (2013) Relationship of C5L2 receptor to skeletal muscle substrate utilization. PLoS One 8:e57494.|
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of Acylation Stimulating Protein (ASP) receptor C5L2 in skeletal muscle fatty acid accumulation and metabolism as well as insulin sensitivity in both mice and human models of diet-induced insulin resistance.
DESIGN AND METHODS: Male wildtype (WT) and C5L2 knockout (KO) mice were fed a low (LFD) or a high (HFD) fat diet for 10 weeks. Intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) accumulation (by oil red O staining) and beta-oxidation HADH enzyme activity were determined in skeletal muscle. Mitochondria were isolated from hindleg muscles for high-resolution respirometry. Muscle C5L2 protein content was also determined in obese type 2 diabetics and age- and BMI matched men. RESULTS: IMCL levels were increased by six-fold in C5L2KO-HFD compared to WT-HFD mice (p<0.05) and plasma insulin levels were markedly increased in C5L2KO-HFD mice (twofold, p<0.05). Muscle HADH activity was elevated in C5L2KO-LFD mice (+75%, p<0.001 vs. WT-LFD) and C5L2KO-HFD displayed increased mitochondrial fatty acid oxidative capacity compared to WT-HFD mice (+23%, p<0.05). In human subjects, C5L2 protein content was reduced (-48%, p<0.01) in type 2 diabetic patients when compared to obese controls. Further, exercise training increased C5L2 (+45%, p = 0.0019) and ASP (+80%, p<0.001) in obese insulin-resistant men.
CONCLUSION: The results suggest that insulin sensitivity may be permissive for coupling of C5L2 levels to lipid storage and utilization.
• Keywords: Diet-induced insulin resistance
• O2k-Network Lab: NL Maastricht Schrauwen P
Stress:Oxidative stress;RONS, Mitochondrial disease Organism: Human, Mouse Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle Preparation: Isolated mitochondria Enzyme: Complex I, Complex II;succinate dehydrogenase
Pathway: F, N, S HRR: Oxygraph-2k