Salazar-Petres 2022 Biol Reprod

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Salazar-Petres E, Pereira-Carvalho D, Lopez-Tello J, Sferruzzi-Perri AN (2022) Placental structure, function, and mitochondrial phenotype relate to fetal size in each fetal sex in mice†.

Β» Biol Reprod 106:1292-311. PMID: 35293971 Open Access

Salazar-Petres Esteban,  Pereira-Carvalho Daniela,  Lopez-Tello Jorge, Sferruzzi-Perri Amanda Nancy (2022) Biol Reprod

Abstract: Fetal growth depends on placental function, which requires energy from mitochondria. Here we investigated whether mitochondrial function in the placenta relates to the growth of the lightest and heaviest fetuses of each sex within the litter of mice. Placentas from the lightest and heaviest fetuses were taken to evaluate placenta morphology (stereology), mitochondrial energetics (high-resolution respirometry), mitochondrial regulators, nutrient transporters, hormone handling, and signaling pathways (qPCR and Western blotting). We found that mitochondrial complex I and II oxygen consumption rate was greater for placentas supporting the lightest female fetuses, although placental complex I abundance of the lightest females and complexes III and V of the lightest males were decreased compared to their heaviest counterparts. Expression of mitochondrial biogenesis (Nrf1) and fission (Drp1 and Fis1) genes was lower in the placenta from the lightest females, whilst biogenesis-related gene Tfam was greater in the placenta of the lightest male fetuses. In addition, placental morphology and steroidogenic gene (Cyp17a1 and Cyp11a1) expression were aberrant for the lightest females, but glucose transporter (Slc2a1) expression was lower in only the lightest males versus their heaviest counterparts. Differences in intra-litter placental phenotype were related to changes in the expression of hormone-responsive (androgen receptor) and metabolic signaling (AMPK, AKT, and PPARΞ³) pathways. Thus, in normal mouse pregnancy, placental structure, function, and mitochondrial phenotype are differentially responsive to the growth of the female and male fetus. This study may inform the design of sex-specific therapies for placental insufficiency and fetal growth abnormalities with life-long benefits for the offspring. β€’ Keywords: Fetus, Hormones, Mitochondria, Placenta, Sex, Transport β€’ Bioblast editor: Plangger M β€’ O2k-Network Lab: UK Cambridge Sferruzzi-Perri A

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Developmental biology 

Organism: Mouse  Tissue;cell: Genital  Preparation: Permeabilized tissue 

Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: F, N, S, CIV, NS, ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k 


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