Scrima 2016 Biochim Biophys Acta
|Scrima R, Cela O, Merla G, Augello B, Rubino R, Quarato G, Fugetto S, Menga M, Fuhr L, Relógio A, Piccoli C, Mazzoccoli G, Capitanio N (2016) Clock-genes and mitochondrial respiratory activity: Evidence of a reciprocal interplay. Biochim Biophys Acta 1857:1344-51.|
Abstract: In the past few years mounting evidences have highlighted the tight correlation between circadian rhythms and metabolism. Although at the organismal level the central timekeeper is constituted by the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nuclei practically all the peripheral tissues are equipped with autonomous oscillators made up by common molecular clockworks represented by circuits of gene expression that are organized in interconnected positive and negative feed-back loops. In this study we exploited a well-established in vitro synchronization model to investigate specifically the linkage between clock gene expression and the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos). Here we show that synchronized cells exhibit an autonomous ultradian mitochondrial respiratory activity which is abrogated by silencing the master clock gene ARNTL/BMAL1. Surprisingly, pharmacological inhibition of the mitochondrial OxPhos system resulted in dramatic deregulation of the rhythmic clockgene expression and a similar result was attained with mtDNA depleted cells (Rho0). Our findings provide a novel level of complexity in the interlocked feedback loop controlling the interplay between cellular bioenergetics and the molecular clockwork.
This article is part of a Special Issue entitled 'EBEC 2016: 19th European Bioenergetics Conference, Riva del Garda, Italy, July 2-6, 2016', edited by Prof. Paolo Bernardi
© 2016 Published by Elsevier B.V.
• Keywords: Mitochondria, Clock-genes, Oxidative phosphorylation, HepG2 cells, Human dermal fibroblast NHDF-neo
• O2k-Network Lab: IT Foggia Capitanio N
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Genetic knockout;overexpression
Organism: Human Tissue;cell: Liver, Endothelial;epithelial;mesothelial cell, Other cell lines, Fibroblast Preparation: Intact cells
Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE, ET Pathway: ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k