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Bastos Sant'Anna Silva 2018 MiPschool Tromso C4
Coupling states LEAK  + , ROUTINE  + , OXPHOS  + , ET  +
Diseases Cancer  +
Enzyme Complex II;succinate dehydrogenase  +
Event C4  + , Oral  +
Has abstract [[Image:MITOEAGLE-logo.jpg|left|100px|link
[[Image:MITOEAGLE-logo.jpg|left|100px|link=http://www.mitoglobal.org/index.php/MITOEAGLE|COST Action MitoEAGLE]] Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH, mitochondrial Complex II) links the oxidation of succinate and FAD to fumarate and FADH<sub>2</sub> in the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle to electron transfer (ET) from FADH<sub>2</sub> to ubiquinone in the ET system. Changes in ET capacity through the succinate pathway affect TCA cycle function and cell respiration [1]. In addition, succinate transmits oncogenic signals from mitochondria to the cytosol by stabilization of hypoxia inducible factor 1α. This, in turn, stimulates the expression of genes involved in angiogenesis and anaerobic metabolism [2], finally enabling tumour progression and metastasis. Succinate uptake is enhanced in various cancer cells and its mitochondrial utilisation is increased in permeabilized prostate cancer cells [3]. To decipher the pathophysiological role of succinate in prostate cancer, we tested the plasma membrane permeability for succinate and utilization of external succinate by mitochondria in terms of succinate pathway capacity and kinetic properties in prostate cancer (multiple metastatic origins) and control cell lines. Respiration in RWPE-1 (prostate; noncancerous), LNCaP (prostate; lymph node metastasis) and DU145 (prostate; brain metastasis) cells was measured using high-resolution respirometry (O2k, Oroboros Instruments) and substrate-uncoupler-inhibitor titration (SUIT) protocols developed specifically for the study. To assess succinate utilization in intact cells independent of a plasma membrane succinate transporter, we applied novel plasma membrane-permeable succinate prodrugs (pS) [4]. In LNCaP cells, transport of external succinate is enhanced through the plasma membrane as compared to the other cell lines, while pS exerted similar effects in all cell lines, suggesting an important regulatory role of the transport mechanism. Furthermore, in LNCaP cells, mitochondria utilize succinate with higher affinity than control cells. Importantly, kinetic measurements demonstrated the most pronounced difference in the affinities in the physiological intracellular succinate concentration range (< 100 μM), underlining its pathophysiological role. Our results indicate a “succinate-phenotype” in LNCaP, with enhanced transport and utilization. As such, succinate is a potential mitochondrial metabolic biomarker in prostate cancer cells. We propose a model in which succinate does not only play a role in the signalling but has a central role in the maintenance of mitochondrial respiration as a fuel substrate.
chondrial respiration as a fuel substrate.  +
Has editor [[Plangger M]]  + , [[Sant'Anna-Silva ACB]]  +
Has title [[Image:Bastos Sant'Anna Silva AC.jpg|left|90px|Ana Bastos Sant'Anna]] Role of succinate in prostate cancer cells: uptake and mitochondrial respiratory function.  +
Instrument and method Oxygraph-2k  + , O2k-Protocol  +
Mammal and model Human  +
MiP area Respiration  +
Pathways S  + , ROX  +
Preparation Intact cells  +
Tissue and cell Genital  +
Was published by MiPNetLab AT Innsbruck Oroboros + , SE Lund Elmer E + , AT Innsbruck Gnaiger E +
Was submitted in year 2018  +
Was submitted to event MiPschool Tromso-Bergen 2018 +
Was written by Bastos Sant'Anna Silva AC + , Klocker H + , Weber A + , Elmer E + , Meszaros A + , Gnaiger E +
Categories Abstracts
Modification date
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22:06:10, 17 March 2019  +
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