Stefely 2018 Trends Biochem Sci

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Stefely JA, Pagliarini DJ (2018) Biochemistry of Mitochondrial Coenzyme Q Biosynthesis. Trends Biochem Sci 42: 824–843.

» PMID:28927698 Open Access

Stefely JA, Pagliarini DJ (2018) Trends Biochem Sci

Abstract: Coenzyme Q (CoQ, ubiquinone) is a redox active lipid produced across all domains of life that functions in electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation and whose deficiency causes human diseases. Yet, CoQ biosynthesis has not been fully defined in any organism. Several proteins with unclear molecular functions facilitate CoQ biosynthesis through unknown means, and multiple steps in the pathway are catalyzed by currently unidentified enzymes. Here we highlight recent progress toward filling these knowledge gaps through both traditional biochemistry and cutting-edge “omics” approaches. To help fill the remaining gaps, we present questions framed by the recently discovered CoQ biosynthetic complex and by putative biophysical barriers. Mapping CoQ biosynthesis, metabolism, and transport pathways has great potential to enhance treatment of numerous human diseases.

Cited by

  • Komlodi et al (2021) Simultaneous measurement of respiration and redox state of the Coenzyme Q pool in mitochondrial preparations. Bioenerg Commun 2021.3 doi:10.26124/bec:2021-0003


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