Stenberg 2014 PLoS One

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Stenberg TA, Kildal AB, Sanden E, How OJ, Hagve M, Ytrehus K, Larsen TS, Myrmel T (2014) The acute phase of experimental cardiogenic shock is counteracted by microcirculatory and mitochondrial adaptations. PLoS One 9:e105213.

» PMID:25188581

Stenberg TA, Kildal AB, Sanden E, How OJ, Hagve M, Ytrehus K, Larsen TS, Myrmel T (2014) PLoS One

Abstract: The mechanisms contributing to multiorgan dysfunction during cardiogenic shock are poorly understood. Our goal was to characterize the microcirculatory and mitochondrial responses following ≥ 10 hours of severe left ventricular failure and cardiogenic shock. We employed a closed-chest porcine model of cardiogenic shock induced by left coronary microembolization (n = 12) and a time-matched control group (n = 6). Hemodynamics and metabolism were measured hourly by intravascular pressure catheters, thermodilution, arterial and organ specific blood gases. Echocardiography and assessment of the sublingual microcirculation by sidestream darkfield imaging were performed at baseline, 2 ± 1 and 13 ± 3 (mean ± SD) hours after coronary microembolization. Upon hemodynamic decompensation, cardiac, renal and hepatic mitochondria were isolated and evaluated by high-resolution respirometry. Low cardiac output, hypotension, oliguria and severe reductions in mixed-venous and hepatic O2 saturations were evident in cardiogenic shock. The sublingual total and perfused vessel densities were fully preserved throughout the experiments. Cardiac mitochondrial respiration was unaltered, whereas state 2, 3 and 4 respiration of renal and hepatic mitochondria were increased in cardiogenic shock. Mitochondrial viability (RCR; state 3/state 4) and efficiency (ADP/O ratio) were unaffected. Our study demonstrates that the microcirculation is preserved in a porcine model of untreated cardiogenic shock despite vital organ hypoperfusion. Renal and hepatic mitochondrial respiration is upregulated, possibly through demand-related adaptations, and the endogenous shock response is thus compensatory and protective, even after several hours of global hypoperfusion.

O2k-Network Lab: NO Tromsoe Larsen TS

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, mt-Medicine  Pathology: Cardiovascular 

Organism: Pig  Tissue;cell: Heart, Liver, Kidney  Preparation: Isolated mitochondria 

Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS  Pathway: N, S  HRR: Oxygraph-2k