Talk:Respiratory acceptor control ratio

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Problem: The RCR is low in isolated mitochondria

At a high mitochondrial concentration (0.5 mg protein/ml), ADP is exhausted very rapidly if added at a concentration typically used for State 3 measurements (200-300 µM), which may stimulate flux below the ADP-saturated state of OXPHOS capacity. The slope increases sharply and returns to State 4 (LEAK), even before the plot of flux shows the true maximum, resulting in a low apparent RCR.


Tests and solutions

  1. Reduce the data recording interval (standard is 2 seconds) to the minimum of 0.2 s (setting in the O2k control window; see MiPNet22.11 O2k-FluoRespirometer manual). As the data recording interval is reduced, the flux appears more noisy, but represents transitions more accurately and reduces the apparent time-delay. At high flux per volume, the increased noise level presents no problem. Flux then shows a period of constant OXPHOS capacity rather than a sharp peak.
  2. Reduce the mitochondrial concentration, thus prolonging the duration of ADP-saturated respiration (OXPHOS capacity) over 120 seconds. If flux reaches a constant maximum value, then analysis is possible without application of signal deconvolution (standard plot of flux in DatLab).
  3. Otherwise, export the data into DatLab 2, and apply a time correction (signal deconvolution), as described by Gnaiger 2001 Respir Physiol.
  4. See also ‘Notes on Time resolution’.