Toledo 2018 Obesity (Silver Spring)

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Toledo FGS, DubΓ© JJ, Goodpaster BH, Stefanovic-Racic M, Coen PM, DeLany JP (2018) Mitochondrial respiration is associated with lower energy expenditure and lower aerobic capacity in African American women. Obesity (Silver Spring) 26:903-9.

Β» PMID: 29687648

Toledo FGS, Dube JJ, Goodpaster BH, Stefanovic-Racic M, Coen PM, DeLany JP (2018) Obesity (Silver Spring)

Abstract: Reasons for the higher obesity prevalence in African American women (AAW) compared with Caucasian women (CW) are unknown. Energy expenditure and maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max) are lower in AAW. It was hypothesized that these differences are explained by skeletal muscle characteristics, particularly mitochondrial content and function.

Multivariate regression analyses were used to examine the relationships between energy expenditure (resting and during a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp) and VO2max versus body composition, physical activity, and skeletal muscle mitochondrial measurements in AAW and CW.

In AAW, VO2max was lower (P < 0.0001). Body-composition-adjusted energy expenditure during the clamp was lower in AAW (P < 0.002). Physical activity was similar in both groups. After adjusting for mitochondrial respiration, racial differences in energy expenditure and VO2max were no longer present. Another novel finding was that a thermogenic response to the clamp was observed in CW (+53 ± 22 kcal/d; P < 0.03) but not in AAW (-19 ± 24 kcal/d; P = 0.43).

AAW and CW show differences in adjusted energy expenditure and aerobic capacity that are largely accounted for by differences in skeletal muscle mitochondrial oxidative characteristics. Further research is needed to determine whether lower mitochondrial respiration and lower thermogenesis are risk factors for obesity in AAW.

Β© 2018 The Obesity Society.

β€’ Bioblast editor: Kandolf G β€’ O2k-Network Lab: US PA Pittsburgh DeLany JP, US FL Orlando Goodpaster BH, US PA Pittsburgh DeLany JP

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style 

Organism: Human  Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle  Preparation: Permeabilized tissue 

Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: F, N, NS  HRR: Oxygraph-2k 

Labels, 2018-07 

Cookies help us deliver our services. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies.