Torres-Quesada 2022 Cancers (Basel)

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Publications in the MiPMap
Torres-Quesada O, Doerrier C, Strich S, Gnaiger E, Stefan E (2022) Physiological cell culture media tune mitochondrial bioenergetics and drug sensitivity in cancer cell models. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers14163917

» Cancers (Basel) 14:3917. PMID: 36010911 Open Access

Torres-Quesada O, Doerrier C, Strich S, Gnaiger E, Stefan E (2022) Cancers (Basel)

Abstract: Two-dimensional cell cultures are established models in research for studying and perturbing cell-type specific functions. However, many limitations apply to the cell growth in a monolayer using standard cell culture media. Although they have been used for decades, their formulations do not mimic the composition of the human cell environment. In this study, we analyzed the impact of a newly formulated human plasma-like media (HPLM) on cell proliferation, mitochondrial bioenergetics, and alterations of drug efficacies using three distinct cancer cell lines. Using high-resolution respirometry, we observed that cells grown in HPLM displayed significantly altered mitochondrial bioenergetic profiles, particularly related to mitochondrial density and mild uncoupling of respiration. Furthermore, in contrast to standard media, the growth of cells in HPLM unveiled mitochondrial dysfunction upon exposure to the FDA-approved kinase inhibitor sunitinib. This seemingly context-dependent side effect of this drug highlights that the selection of the cell culture medium influences the assessment of cancer drug sensitivities. Thus, we suggest to prioritize media with a more physiological composition for analyzing bioenergetic profiles and to take it into account for assigning drug efficacies in the cell culture model of choice. Keywords: cancer cells, cell bioenergetics, cell culture media, cell proliferation, kinase inhibitor, mitochondrial function Bioblast editor: Doerrier C O2k-Network Lab: AT Innsbruck Oroboros

Preprint


Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Pharmacology;toxicology  Pathology: Cancer 

Organism: Human  Tissue;cell: Other cell lines  Preparation: Intact cells 

Regulation: Coupling efficiency;uncoupling  Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE, ET  Pathway: ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k 

SUIT-003, colon cancer cells, breast cancer cells, melanoma, BCA, MitoKIN, cell culture media, kinase inhibitor, sunitinib