Zavadskis 2020 Pharmaceutics

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Zavadskis S, Weidinger A, Hanetseder D, Banerjee A, Schneider C, Wolbank S, Marolt Presen D, Kozlov AV (2020) Effect of diphenyleneiodonium chloride on intracellular reactive oxygen species metabolism with emphasis on NADPH oxidase and mitochondria in two therapeutically relevant human cell types. Pharmaceutics 13:E10.

» PMID: 33374729 Open Access

Zavadskis Sergejs, Weidinger Adelheid, Hanetseder Dominik, Banerjee Asmita, Schneider Cornelia, Wolbank Susanne, Presen Darja Marolt, Kozlov Andrey V (2020) Pharmaceutics

Abstract: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have recently been recognized as important signal transducers, particularly regulating proliferation and differentiation of cells. Diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) is known as an inhibitor of the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX) and is also affecting mitochondrial function. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of DPI on ROS metabolism and mitochondrial function in human amniotic membrane mesenchymal stromal cells (hAMSCs), human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (hBMSCs), hBMSCs induced into osteoblast-like cells, and osteosarcoma cell line MG-63. Our data suggested a combination of a membrane potential sensitive fluorescent dye, tetramethylrhodamine methyl ester (TMRM), and a ROS-sensitive dye, CM-H2DCFDA, combined with a pretreatment with mitochondria-targeted ROS scavenger MitoTEMPO as a good tool to examine effects of DPI. We observed critical differences in ROS metabolism between hAMSCs, hBMSCs, osteoblast-like cells, and MG-63 cells, which were linked to energy metabolism. In cell types using predominantly glycolysis as the energy source, such as hAMSCs, DPI predominantly interacted with NOX, and it was not toxic for the cells. In hBMSCs, the ROS turnover was influenced by NOX activity rather than by the mitochondria. In cells with aerobic metabolism, such as MG 63, the mitochondria became an additional target for DPI, and these cells were prone to the toxic effects of DPI. In summary, our data suggest that undifferentiated cells rather than differentiated parenchymal cells should be considered as potential targets for DPI.

Keywords: NADPH-oxidase, Differentiation, Diphenyleneiodonium, Mitochondria, Proliferation, Reactive oxygen species Bioblast editor: Plangger M O2k-Network Lab: AT Vienna Kozlov AV

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Pharmacology;toxicology 

Stress:Oxidative stress;RONS  Organism: Human  Tissue;cell: Other cell lines  Preparation: Permeabilized cells 

Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: N, S  HRR: Oxygraph-2k