Estabrook 1967 Methods Enzymol
|Estabrook RW (1967) Mitochondrial respiratory control and the polarographic measurement of ADP:O ratios. Methods Enzymol 10:41-7.|
Abstract: .. The convenience and simplicity of the polarographic 'oxygen electrode' technique for measuring rapid changes in the rate of oxygen utilization by cellular and subcellular systems is now leading to its more general application in many laboratories. The types and design of oxygen electrodes vary, depending on the invetigator's ingenuity and specific requirements of the system under investigation.
This chapter discusses the mitochondrial respiratory control and the polarographic measurement of ADP : O ratios. The polarographic oxygen electrode technique is used for measuring rapid changes in the rate of oxygen utilization by cellular and subcellular systems. Although the polarographic method measures changes in oxygen concentration of photosynthetic systems, yeast cells, and nerve, but the oxygen electrode technique is applied to a study the mitochondrial respiration and oxidative phosphorytation. The principle of the oxygen electrode has been summarized, and the design of the vibrating oxygen electrode for use with speetrophotometric studies is illustrated. The oxygen electrode apparatus can be calibrated in a number of ways. A more accurate calibration of oxygen content can be obtained by gas equilibration with various nitrogen-oxygen mixtures. When tightly coupled mitochondria are suspended in an isotonic buffer, a slow rate of oxygen uptake is measured in the presence of substrate and absence of ADP. Addition of ADP causes an immediate increase in the rate of oxygen utilization. The concentration of oxygen utilized is proportional to the amount of ADP phosphorylated to ATP. The type of oxygen electrode tracings is presented from which an ADP : O ratio (equivalent to a P : O ratio) can be directly calculated.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration
Tissue;cell: Liver Preparation: Isolated mitochondria
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS
Made history, LEAK-respiration