Iyer 2012 Hum Gene Ther

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Iyer S, Bergquist K, Young K, Gnaiger E, Rao RR, Bennett JP Jr (2012) Mitochondrial gene therapy improves respiration, biogenesis and transcription in G11778A Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy and T8993G Leigh’s syndrome cells. Hum Gene Ther 23: 647-657.

» PMID: 22390282

Iyer S, Bergquist K, Young K, Gnaiger E, Rao RR, Bennett JP (2012) Hum Gene Ther

Abstract: Many incurable mitochondrial disorders result from mutant mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and impaired respiration. Leigh’s syndrome (LS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder of infants and Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) causes blindness in young adults. Treatment of LHON and LS cells respectively harboring G11778A and T8993G mutant mtDNA by >90%, with healthy donor mtDNA complexed with recombinant human mitochondrial transcription factor A (rhTFAM), improved mitochondrial respiration by ~1.2 fold in LHON cells and restored ~>50% ATP synthase function in LS cells. Mitochondrial replication, transcription and translation of key respiratory genes and proteins were increased in the short term. Increased NRF1, TFAMB1 and TFAMA expression alluded to the activation of mitochondrial biogenesis as a mechanism for improving mitochondrial respiration. These results represent the development of a therapeutic approach for LHON and LS patients in the near future. Keywords: TFAM, mtDNA, Leigh’s syndrome, LHON disease, mitochondrial respiration, biogenesis, transcription, diseased fibroblast, cybrid cells

O2k-Network Lab: US VA Richmond Iyer S, US VA Richmond Bennett JP, AT Innsbruck Gnaiger E


Labels:

Stress:Mitochondrial Disease; Degenerative Disease and Defect"Mitochondrial Disease; Degenerative Disease and Defect" is not in the list (Cell death, Cryopreservation, Ischemia-reperfusion, Permeability transition, Oxidative stress;RONS, Temperature, Hypoxia, Mitochondrial disease) of allowed values for the "Stress" property., Genetic Defect; Knockdown; Overexpression"Genetic Defect; Knockdown; Overexpression" is not in the list (Cell death, Cryopreservation, Ischemia-reperfusion, Permeability transition, Oxidative stress;RONS, Temperature, Hypoxia, Mitochondrial disease) of allowed values for the "Stress" property.  Organism: Human  Tissue;cell: Fibroblast  Preparation: Intact Cell; Cultured; Primary"Intact Cell; Cultured; Primary" is not in the list (Intact organism, Intact organ, Permeabilized cells, Permeabilized tissue, Homogenate, Isolated mitochondria, SMP, Chloroplasts, Enzyme, Oxidase;biochemical oxidation, ...) of allowed values for the "Preparation" property. 

Regulation: Mitochondrial Biogenesis; Mitochondrial Density"Mitochondrial Biogenesis; Mitochondrial Density" is not in the list (Aerobic glycolysis, ADP, ATP, ATP production, AMP, Calcium, Coupling efficiency;uncoupling, Cyt c, Flux control, Inhibitor, ...) of allowed values for the "Respiration and regulation" property.  Coupling state: OXPHOS 

HRR: Oxygraph-2k