Rajkumar 2018 Metabolism
|Rajkumar A, Liaghati A, Chan J, Lamothe G, Dent R, Doucet É, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Prud'homme D, Harper ME, Tesson F (2018) ACSL5 genotype influence on fatty acid metabolism: a cellular, tissue, and whole-body study. Metabolism 83:271-9.|
Abstract: Acyl-CoA Synthetase Long Chain 5 (ACSL5) gene's rs2419621 T/C polymorphism was associated with ACSL5 mRNA expression and response to lifestyle interventions. However, the mechanistic understanding of the increased response in T allele carriers is lacking. Study objectives were to investigate the effect of rs2419621 genotype and ACSL5 human protein isoforms on fatty acid oxidation and respiration.
Human ACSL5 overexpression in C2C12 mouse myoblasts was conducted to measure 14C palmitic acid oxidation and protein isoform localization in vitro. 14C palmitic acid oxidation studies and Western blot analysis of ACSL5 proteins were carried out in rectus abdominis primary myotubes from 5 rs2419621 T allele carriers and 4 non-carriers. In addition, mitochondrial high-resolution respirometry was conducted on vastus lateralis muscle biopsies from 4 rs2419621 T allele carriers and 4 non-carriers. Multiple linear regression analysis was conducted to test the association between rs2419621 genotype and respiratory quotient related pre- and post-lifestyle intervention measurements in postmenopausal women with overweight or obesity.
In comparison to rs2419621 non-carriers, T allele carriers displayed higher levels of i) 683aa ACSL5 isoform, localized mainly in the mitochondria, playing a greater role in fatty acid oxidation in comparison to the 739aa protein isoform ii) in vitro CO2 production in rectus abdominis primary myotubes iii) in vivo fatty acid oxidation and lower carbohydrate oxidation post-intervention iv) ex vivo complex I and II tissue respiration in vastus lateralis muscle.
These results support the conclusion that rs2419621 T allele carriers, are more responsive to lifestyle interventions partly due to an increase in the short ACSL5 protein isoform, increasing cellular, tissue and whole-body fatty acid utilization. With the increasing effort to develop personalized medicine to combat obesity, our findings provide additional insight into genotypes that can significantly affect whole body metabolism and response to lifestyle interventions.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, nDNA;cell genetics
Organism: Human, Mouse Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle, Other cell lines Preparation: Permeabilized cells
Coupling state: OXPHOS, ET Pathway: F, N, CIV, NS HRR: Oxygraph-2k