Kuhnt 2007 Neurochem Res

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Kuhnt T, Pelz T, Qu X, Haensgen G, Dunst J, Gellerich FN (2007) Mitochondrial OXPHOS functions in R1H rhabdomyosarcoma and skeletal muscles of the rat. Neurochem Res 32:973–80.

» PMID: 17273927

Kuhnt T, Pelz T, Qu X, Haensgen G, Dunst J, Gellerich FN (2007) Neurochem Res

Abstract: The aim of the study was to determinate mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) functions in rat rhabdomyosarcoma R1H (R1H) and rat skeletal muscles. For that purpose skinned fiber technique and multiple substrate inhibitor titration were adapted to tumor samples. In our animal tumor model (R1H) functional abnormalities of OXPHOS were found compared to skeletal muscles. In R1H the state 3 respiration of pyruvate + malate was decreased: 0.56 ± 0.28 nmol O2/mg/min versus 2.32 ± 1.19 nmol O2/mg/min, P < 0.001, whereas the State 3 respiration of succinate + rotenone was increased: 36 ± 14% versus 19 ± 11%, P < 0.001. In R1H the rotenone-insensitive respiration reached higher levels than the antimycin A-insensitive respiration, whereas in normal muscles the converse was observed. Additionally, the obvious difference between the CAT- and the antimycin A-independent respiration indicates an increased part of leak respiration in R1H. By now, the high feasibility of these techniques is appreciated for the investigation of muscles and prospectively for tumors, too.

Keywords: Mitochondria, OXPHOS functions, Skinned fiber technique, High-resolution respirometry, Multiple substrate inhibitor titration, Rat rhabdomyosarcoma R1H

O2k-Network Lab: DE Magdeburg Gellerich FN


Labels: MiParea: Respiration  Pathology: Cancer 

Organism: Rat  Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle  Preparation: Permeabilized tissue 

Regulation: Substrate  Coupling state: OXPHOS 

HRR: Oxygraph-2k