Anderson 2015 Obesity (Silver Spring)
|Anderson AS, Haynie KR, McMillan RP, Osterberg KL, Boutagy NE, Frisard MI, Davy BM, Davy KP, Hulver MW (2015) Early skeletal muscle adaptations to short-term high-fat diet in humans before changes in insulin sensitivity. Obesity (Silver Spring) 23:720-4.|
Abstract: The purpose of this investigation was to understand the metabolic adaptations to a short-term (5 days), isocaloric, high-fat diet (HFD) in healthy, young males.
Two studies were undertaken with 12 subjects. Study 1 investigated the effect of the HFD on skeletal muscle substrate metabolism and insulin sensitivity. Study 2 assessed the metabolic and transcriptional responses in skeletal muscle to the transition from a fasted to fed state using a high-fat meal challenge before and after 5 days of the HFD.
Study 1 showed no effect of a HFD on skeletal muscle metabolism or insulin sensitivity in fasting samples. Study 2 showed that a HFD elicits significant increases in fasting serum endotoxin and disrupts the normal postprandial excursions of serum endotoxin, as well as metabolic and transcriptional responses in skeletal muscle. These effects after 5 days of the HFD were accompanied by an altered fasting and postprandial response in the ratio of phosphorylated- to total-p38 protein. These changes all occurred in the absence of alterations in insulin sensitivity.
Our findings provide evidence for early biological adaptations to high-fat feeding that proceed and possibly lead to insulin resistance.
Labels: MiParea: Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style
Organism: Human Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle Preparation: Homogenate