Cecatto 2018 FEBS J
|Cecatto C, Amaral AU, da Silva JC, Wajner A, Schimit MOV, da Silva LHR, Wajner SM, Zanatta A, Castilho RF, Wajner M (2018) Metabolite accumulation in VLCAD deficiency markedly disrupts mitochondrial bioenergetics and Ca2+ homeostasis in the heart. FEBS J 285:1437-55.|
Abstract: We studied the effects of the major long-chain fatty acids accumulating in very long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (VLCAD) deficiency, namely cis-5-tetradecenoic acid (Cis-5) and myristic acid (Myr), on important mitochondrial functions in isolated mitochondria from cardiac fibers and cardiomyocytes of juvenile rats. Cis-5 and Myr at pathological concentrations markedly reduced mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm ), matrix NAD(P)H pool, Ca2+ retention capacity, ADP- (state 3) and carbonyl cyanide 3-chlorophenyl hydrazine-stimulated (uncoupled) respiration, and ATP generation. By contrast, these fatty acids increased resting (state 4) respiration (uncoupling effect) with the involvement of the adenine nucleotide translocator because carboxyatractyloside significantly attenuated the increased state 4 respiration provoked by Cis-5 and Myr. Furthermore, the classical inhibitors of mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) pore cyclosporin A plus ADP, as well as the Ca2+ uptake blocker ruthenium red, fully prevented the Cis-5- and Myr-induced decrease in ΔΨm in Ca2+ -loaded mitochondria, suggesting, respectively, the induction of MPT pore opening and the contribution of Ca2+ toward these effects. The findings of the present study indicate that the major long-chain fatty acids that accumulate in VLCAD deficiency disrupt mitochondrial bioenergetics and Ca2+ homeostasis, acting as uncouplers and metabolic inhibitors of oxidative phosphorylation, as well as inducers of MPT pore opening, in the heart at pathological relevant concentrations. It is therefore presumed that a disturbance of bioenergetics and Ca2+ homeostasis may contribute to the cardiac manifestations observed in VLCAD deficiency.
© 2018 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
• Keywords: cis-5-tetradecenoic acid, Mitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis, Mitochondrial energy homeostasis, Myristic acid, Very long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase • Bioblast editor: Plangger M • O2k-Network Lab: BR Porto Alegre Souza DOG
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Pharmacology;toxicology Pathology: Inherited, Other Stress:Permeability transition Organism: Rat Tissue;cell: Heart, Other cell lines Preparation: Permeabilized cells, Permeabilized tissue, Isolated mitochondria
Regulation: Calcium, mt-Membrane potential, Fatty acid Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET Pathway: N, S HRR: Oxygraph-2k