Gruno 2008 J Gastroenterol
|Gruno M, Peet N, Tein A, Salupere R, Sirotkina M, Valle J, Peetsalu A, Seppet EK (2008) Atrophic gastritis: deficient complex I of the respiratory chain in the mitochondria of corpus mucosal cells. J Gastroenterol 43:780-8.|
Abstract: Background Mitochondrial dysfunction is one of the most characteristic properties of the cancer cell. However, it is not known whether oxidative energy metabolism has already become altered in conditions of atrophic gastritis, a precancerous state of gastric disease. The purpose of our study was to comparatively characterize oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) in the atrophic and nonatrophic gastric corpus mucosa.
Methods Mucosal biopsies were taken from 12 patients with corpus dominant atrophic gastritis and from 12 patients with nonatrophic mucosa (controls). One part of the tissue samples was permeabilized with saponin for analysis of the function of the respiratory chain using high-resolution respirometry, and another part was used for histopathological examination. The serum level of pepsinogen I (S-PGI) was determined with a specific enzyme immunoassay (EIA).
Results Compared to the control group, the maximal capacity of OXPHOS in the atrophy group was almost twofold lower, the respiratory chain complex I-dependent respiration, normalized to complex II-dependent respiration, was reduced, and respiratory control by ADP in the presence of succinate was increased in the atrophic corpus mucosa. In the whole cohort of the patients studied, serum S-PGI level correlated positively with complex I-dependent respiration or complex Idependent to complex II-dependent respiration ratio.
Conclusions Corpus dominant atrophic gastritis is characterized by decreased respiratory capacity and relative deficiency of the respiratory complex I of mitochondria in the mucosa, the latter defect probably limiting mitochondrial ATP production and energetic support of the secretory function of the zymogenic mucosal cells.
• Keywords: Respiratory chain, Atrophy, Gastritis, Gastric mucosa, Stomach
• O2k-Network Lab: EE Tartu Paju K
Stress:Mitochondrial disease Organism: Human Tissue;cell: Endothelial;epithelial;mesothelial cell Preparation: Intact cells, Permeabilized tissue Enzyme: Complex I, Complex II;succinate dehydrogenase
Coupling state: OXPHOS