Hagl 2015 Neurochem Int

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Hagl S, Kocher A, Schiborr C, Kolesova N, Frank J, Eckert GP (2015) Curcumin micelles improve mitochondrial function in neuronal PC12 cells and brains of NMRI mice - Impact on bioavailability. Neurochem Int 89:234-42.

» PMID: 26254982

Hagl S, Kocher A, Schiborr C, Kolesova N, Frank J, Eckert GP (2015) Neurochem Int

Abstract: Curcumin, a polyphenolic compound abundant in the rhizome of Curcuma longa, has been reported to have various beneficial biological and pharmacological activities. Recent research revealed that curcumin might be valuable in the prevention and therapy of numerous disorders including neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's disease. Due to its low absorption and quick elimination from the body, curcumin bioavailability is rather low which poses major problems for the use of curcumin as a therapeutic agent. There are several approaches to ameliorate curcumin bioavailability after oral administration, amongst them simultaneous administration with secondary plant compounds, micronization and micellation. We examined bioavailability in vivo in NMRI mice and the effects of native curcumin and a newly developed curcumin micelles formulation on mitochondrial function in vitro in PC12 cells and ex vivo in isolated mouse brain mitochondria. We found that curcumin micelles improved bioavailability of native curcumin around 10- to 40-fold in plasma and brain of mice. Incubation with native curcumin and curcumin micelles prevented isolated mouse brain mitochondria from swelling, indicating less mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening and prevention of injury. Curcumin micelles proved to be more efficient in preventing mitochondrial swelling in isolated mouse brain mitochondria and protecting PC12 cells from nitrosative stress than native curcumin. Due to their improved effectivity, curcumin micelles might be a suitable formulation for the prevention of mitochondrial dysfunction in brain aging and neurodegeneration.

Keywords: Curcumin, Bioavailability, Micelles, Mitochondrial function, PC12 cells, NMRI, mice

O2k-Network Lab: DE Giessen Eckert GP, DE Frankfurt Eckert GP


Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style, Pharmacology;toxicology 


Organism: Mouse  Tissue;cell: Nervous system  Preparation: Isolated mitochondria 


Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: N, S, CIV  HRR: Oxygraph-2k 

Curcumin