Lin 2020 EBioMedicine
|Lin Y, Nan J, Shen J, Lv X, Chen X, Lu X, Zhang C, Xiang P, Wang Z, Li Z (2020) Canagliflozin impairs blood reperfusion of ischaemic lower limb partially by inhibiting the retention and paracrine function of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells. EBioMedicine 52:102637.|
Abstract: Canagliflozin (CANA) administration increases the risk of lower limb amputation in the clinic. The present study aimed to investigate whether and how CANA interferes with the intracellular physiological processes of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and its contribution to ischaemic lower limb.
The in vivo blood flow recovery in ischaemic lower limbs following CANA treatment was evaluated. The cellular function of BM-MSCs after CANA treatment were also assessed in vitro. In silico docking analysis and mutant substitution assay were conducted to confirm the interaction of CANA with glutamate dehydrogenase 1 (GDH1).
Following CANA treatment, attenuated angiogenesis and hampered blood flow recovery in the ischaemic region were detected in diabetic and non-diabetic mice, and inhibition of the proliferation and migration of BM-MSCs were also observed. CANA was involved in mitochondrial respiratory malfunction in BM-MSCs and the inhibition of ATP production, cytochrome c release and vessel endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) secretion, which may contribute to reductions in the tissue repair capacity of BM-MSCs. The detrimental effects of CANA on MSCs result from the inhibition of GDH1 by CANA (evidenced by in silico docking analysis and H199A-GDH1/N392A-GDH1 mutant substitution).
Our work highlights that the inhibition of GDH1 activity by CANA interferes with the metabolic activity of the mitochondria, and this interference deteriorates the retention of and VEGFA secretion by MSCs.
Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
• Keywords: Canagliflozin, Glutamate dehydrogenase, Ischaemia, Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Mitochondria • Bioblast editor: Plangger M
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Pharmacology;toxicology
Stress:Ischemia-reperfusion Organism: Mouse Tissue;cell: Stem cells Preparation: Intact cells Enzyme: TCA cycle and matrix dehydrogenases
Coupling state: ROUTINE, ET
Labels, 2020, CN