Macedo 2020 FASEB J
|Macedo F, Romanatto T, Gomes de Assis C, Buis A, Kowaltowski AJ, Aguilaniu H, Marques da Cunha F (2020) Lifespan-extending interventions enhance lipid-supported mitochondrial respiration in Caenorhabditis elegans. FASEB J [Epub ahead of print].|
Abstract: Dietary restriction and reduced reproduction have been linked to long lifespans in the vast majority of species tested. Although decreased mitochondrial mass and/or function are hallmarks of aging, little is known about the mechanisms by which these organelles contribute to physiological aging or to the effects of lifespan-extending interventions, particularly with respect to oxidative phosphorylation and energy production. Here, we employed the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to examine the effects of inhibition of germline proliferation and dietary restriction, both of which extend the lifespan of C. elegans, on mitochondrial respiratory activity in whole animals and isolated organelles. We found that oxygen consumption rates and mitochondrial mass were reduced in wild-type (WT) C. elegans subjected to bacterial deprivation (BD) compared with animals fed ad libitum (AL). In contrast, BD decreased the rate of oxygen uptake but not mitochondrial mass in germline-less glp-1(e2144ts) mutants. Interestingly, mitochondria isolated from animals subjected to BD and/or inhibition of germline proliferation showed no differences in complex I-mediated respiratory activity compared to control mitochondria, whereas both interventions enhanced the efficiency with which mitochondria utilized lipids as respiratory substrates. Notably, the combination of BD and inhibition of germline proliferation further increased mitochondrial lipid oxidation compared to either intervention alone. We also detected a striking correlation between lifespan extension in response to BD and/or inhibition of germline proliferation and the capacity of C. elegans to generate ATP from lipids. Our results thus suggest that the ability to oxidize lipids may be determinant in enhanced longevity.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration Pathology: Aging;senescence
Organism: Caenorhabditis elegans
Preparation: Intact organism, Isolated mitochondria
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS Pathway: F, N, CIV, ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k