Mann 2020 Sci Rep
|Mann J, Yang N, Montpetit R, Kirschenman R, Lemieux H, Goping IS (2020) BAD sensitizes breast cancer cells to docetaxel with increased mitotic arrest and necroptosis. Sci Rep 10:355.|
Abstract: Breast cancer patients are commonly treated with taxane (e.g. docetaxel) chemotherapy, despite poor outcomes and eventual disease relapse. We previously identified the Bcl-2-associated death promoter (BAD) as a prognostic indicator of good outcome in taxane-treated breast cancer patients. We also demonstrated that BAD expression in human breast carcinoma cells generated larger tumors in mouse xenograft models. These paradoxical results suggest that BAD-expressing tumors are differentially sensitive to taxane treatment. We validated this here and show that docetaxel therapy preferentially reduced growth of BAD-expressing xenograft tumors. We next explored the cellular mechanism whereby BAD sensitizes cells to docetaxel. Taxanes are microtubule inhibiting agents that cause cell cycle arrest in mitosis whereupon the cells either die in mitosis or aberrantly exit (mitotic slippage) and survive as polyploid cells. In response to docetaxel, BAD-expressing cells had lengthened mitotic arrest with a higher proportion of cells undergoing death in mitosis with decreased mitotic slippage. Death in mitosis was non-apoptotic and not dependent on Bcl-XL interaction or caspase activation. Instead, cell death was necroptotic, and dependent on ROS. These results suggest that BAD is prognostic for favourable outcome in response to taxane chemotherapy by enhancing necroptotic cell death and inhibiting the production of potentially chemoresistant polyploid cells.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, nDNA;cell genetics, mt-Medicine, Pharmacology;toxicology Pathology: Cancer Stress:Cell death Organism: Human Tissue;cell: Other cell lines Preparation: Intact cells
Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE, ET