Singh 2013 J Cereb Blood Flow Metab
|Singh IN, Gilmer LK, Miller DM, Cebak JE, Wang JA, Hall ED (2013) Phenelzine mitochondrial functional preservation and neuroprotection after traumatic brain injury related to scavenging of the lipid peroxidation-derived aldehyde 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 33:593-9.|
Abstract: Phenelzine (PZ) is a scavenger of the lipid peroxidation (LP)-derived reactive aldehyde 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) due to its hydrazine functional group, which can covalently react with 4-HNE. In this study, we first examined the ability of PZ to prevent the respiratory depressant effects of 4-HNE on normal isolated brain cortical mitochondria. Second, in rats subjected to controlled cortical impact traumatic brain injury (CCI-TBI), we evaluated PZ (10 mg/kg subcutaneously at 15 minutes after CCI-TBI) to attenuate 3-hour post-TBI mitochondrial respiratory dysfunction, and in separate animals, to improve cortical tissue sparing at 14 days. While 4-HNE exposure inhibited mitochondrial complex I and II respiration in a concentration-dependent manner, pretreatment with equimolar concentrations of PZ antagonized these effects. Western blot analysis demonstrated a PZ decrease in 4-HNE in mitochondrial proteins. Mitochondria isolated from peri-contusional brain tissue of CCI-TBI rats treated with vehicle at 15 minutes after injury showed a 37% decrease in the respiratory control ratio (RCR) relative to noninjured mitochondria. In PZ-treated rats, RCR suppression was prevented (P<0.05 versus vehicle). In another cohort, PZ administration increased spared cortical tissue from 86% to 97% (P<0.03). These results suggest that PZ's neuroprotective effect is due to mitochondrial protection by scavenging of LP-derived 4-HNE.
• Keywords: Phenelzine, Traumatic brain injury, Mitochondrial respiratory dysfunction
Organism: Rat Tissue;cell: Nervous system Preparation: Isolated mitochondria Enzyme: Complex I, Complex II;succinate dehydrogenase Regulation: Fatty acid
Pathway: N, S HRR: Oxygraph-2k