Singh 2013 J Cereb Blood Flow Metab

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Singh IN, Gilmer LK, Miller DM, Cebak JE, Wang JA, Hall ED (2013) Phenelzine mitochondrial functional preservation and neuroprotection after traumatic brain injury related to scavenging of the lipid peroxidation-derived aldehyde 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 33:593-9.

» PMID: 23321786 Open Access

Singh IN, Gilmer LK, Miller DM, Cebak JE, Wang JA, Hall ED (2013) J Cereb Blood Flow Metab

Abstract: Phenelzine (PZ) is a scavenger of the lipid peroxidation (LP)-derived reactive aldehyde 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) due to its hydrazine functional group, which can covalently react with 4-HNE. In this study, we first examined the ability of PZ to prevent the respiratory depressant effects of 4-HNE on normal isolated brain cortical mitochondria. Second, in rats subjected to controlled cortical impact traumatic brain injury (CCI-TBI), we evaluated PZ (10 mg/kg subcutaneously at 15 minutes after CCI-TBI) to attenuate 3-hour post-TBI mitochondrial respiratory dysfunction, and in separate animals, to improve cortical tissue sparing at 14 days. While 4-HNE exposure inhibited mitochondrial complex I and II respiration in a concentration-dependent manner, pretreatment with equimolar concentrations of PZ antagonized these effects. Western blot analysis demonstrated a PZ decrease in 4-HNE in mitochondrial proteins. Mitochondria isolated from peri-contusional brain tissue of CCI-TBI rats treated with vehicle at 15 minutes after injury showed a 37% decrease in the respiratory control ratio (RCR) relative to noninjured mitochondria. In PZ-treated rats, RCR suppression was prevented (P<0.05 versus vehicle). In another cohort, PZ administration increased spared cortical tissue from 86% to 97% (P<0.03). These results suggest that PZ's neuroprotective effect is due to mitochondrial protection by scavenging of LP-derived 4-HNE.

Keywords: Phenelzine, Traumatic brain injury, Mitochondrial respiratory dysfunction


Organism: Rat  Tissue;cell: Nervous system  Preparation: Isolated mitochondria  Enzyme: Complex I, Complex II;succinate dehydrogenase  Regulation: Fatty acid 

Pathway: N, S  HRR: Oxygraph-2k