Zhao 2019 Pharmacol Res

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Zhao X, Jin Y, Li L, Xu L, Tang Z, Qi Y, Yin L, Peng J (2019) MicroRNA-128-3p aggravates doxorubicin-induced liver injury by promoting oxidative stress via targeting Sirtuin-1. Pharmacol Res [Epub ahead of print].

» PMID: 31112750

Zhao X, Jin Y, Li L, Xu L, Tang Z, Qi Y, Yin L, Peng J (2019) Pharmacol Res

Abstract: As one classic anticancer drug, clinical application of Doxorubicin (Dox) is limited due to its side effects. In our previous work, we have investigated the drug targets to treat Dox-induced cardiotoxicity, hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. In this paper, the mechanisms and new drug-target associated with Dox-induced hepatotoxicity were explored. The results showed that Dox markedly inhibited cell viability and cellular respiration, induced cell morphologic change and increased ROS level. Moreover, Dox increased ALT and AST levels, caused pathological damage, increased MDA level and decreased SOD level in mice. Mechanism investigation showed that Dox markedly up-regulated the expression level of miR-128-3p, down-regulated Sirt1 expression level and affected the protein levels of Nrf2, Keap1, Sirt3, NQO1 and HO-1 to cause oxidative stress in liver. Furthermore, double-luciferase reporter assay, and co-transfection test showed that miR-128-3p directly targeted Sirt1. In addition, miR-128-3p mimics in AML-12 cells enhanced Dox-induced oxidative damage via inhibiting cellular respiration, increasing ROS level and mitochondrial superoxide formation. The protein levels of Sirt1, Nrf2, Sirt3, NQO1 and HO-1 in miR-128-3p mimic + Dox group were decreased compared with Dox group. Transfection of miR-128-3p inhibitor weakened Dox-induced oxidative damage via increasing cellular respiration, suppressing cellular ROS level and mitochondrial superoxide formation. The protein levels of Sirt1, Nrf2, Sirt3, NQO1 and HO-1 in miR-128-3p inhibitor + Dox group were increased compared with Dox group. In mice, Dox-induced liver damage was deteriorated by miR-128-3p agomir via increasing the levels of ALT, AST, MDA, and down-regulating the protein levels of Sirt1, Nrf2, Sirt3, NQO1 and HO-1. While, miR-128-3p antagomir alleviated liver injury via decreasing the levels of ALT, AST, MDA, and up-regulating the protein levels of Sirt1, Nrf2, Sirt3, NQO1 and HO-1. Our data showed that miRNA-128-3p aggravated Dox-induced liver injury by promoting oxidative stress via targeting Sirt1, which should be considered as one new drug target to treat Dox-induced liver injury.

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords: Doxorubicin, Liver injury, Oxidative damage, Sirt1, miR-28-3p, Alpha mouse liver AML-12 cells Bioblast editor: Plangger M


Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Genetic knockout;overexpression, Pharmacology;toxicology 


Organism: Mouse  Tissue;cell: Liver, Other cell lines  Preparation: Intact cells 


Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE, ET  Pathway: ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k 

2019-06